Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

An Analysis of the Trend of Muslims to Communicate Their Faith Tradition to Their Children in Pakistan

Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

An Analysis of the Trend of Muslims to Communicate Their Faith Tradition to Their Children in Pakistan

Article excerpt

Introduction

Faith is the fundamental part of Islam. No one can be a Muslim without having faith. Faith is not only in believing the reality but adapting and following the basic principles of reality. Faith encompasses the sensation, understanding and willingness to act and follow something or somebody. The philosophy of faith lies in belief and submission. AlJifri (2012) states that "faith is firm belief in something real, based on evidence. Experts in this subject have defined faith as being to believe with the heart and proclaim with the tongue; some have added to act with the body" (p. 14). Ibne Salam (2000) adds that faith is fully dedication and submission to Allah with soul and heart, confirmation with words and following with action (p. 10). The Holy Prophet PBUH (as cited in Al-Jifri, 2012) in a Hadith has explained the faith in Islam comprehensively. To him faith means "to believe in God and His angels and His books and His messengers and the Last Day and to believe in Providence, the good of it and the evil of it" (p. 15). Al-Jifri (2012) believes that to most of the Muslim scholars, the above mentioned Hadith is like the mother of the sunnat of the prophet (PBUH) just as Fatiha surat is the mother of Quaran (p. 15).

The Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) reveals that faith has six elements comprising believing and following God, angels, holy books, prophets, last day (Day of Judgment) and fate (destiny).

Faith plays a vital role in shaping the life of Muslim. Without faith, a Muslim is like the man without mind, wandering here and there aimlessly. It is only faith that sets direction and the road map of action. Action without faith is useless and bears no fruit.

Realizing the importance of faith in Pakistan, the Muslims often keep the transfer of faith from one generation to other generation at top priority. They always start the process of transmitting faith right from the birth of a child. It is believed that Allah creates children pure and without any defect. At a time of birth, the mind of child is like a blank slate. He is neither believer nor unbeliever. The prophet PBUH in Hadith states that "every new bom has the correct instinct, his parents make him Jewish, Christian or fire worshipper" (Ibin-Ismail, 2000). He learns what his parents teach him. It is only parents, who write the experiences of their life on the mind of a child from very beginning.

In Pakistan, the parents always try to build the foundation of their child's faith very strong. Syed (2012) believes that "child absorbs the Islamic values from parents, teachers, peers, friends and the environment. Once the Muslim child develops undesirable habits and unethical values, it becomes extremely difficult to make the child into a good Muslim" (p. 2). The process of faith transfer has strictly been emphasized by the Holy Prophet PBUH. In a Hadith he urges that "Allah will ask every caretaker about the people under his care and the man will be asked about the people of his household" (Ibin-Ismail, 2000). The Prophet PBUH in another Hadith states that "every one of you (people) is responsible, and everyone is responsible for whatever falls under his responsibility. A man is like a shepherd of his own family and he is responsible for them" (Ibin-Ismail, 2000). Allah says in Quran "O, you who believe, protect yourselves and your families from a fire whose fuel is men and stones" (Al-Quran, Surat Luqman, verse 6).

It is usually believed that name always reflects the personality of a child. The name of child in Islamic perspective refers the first effort of Muslims in this regard. The first word, parents pronounce in the ear of child soon after his birth is the name of Allah in the form of call of prayer. In this way parents start thinking and planning about future of a child.

The seed of faith is cultivated at home, grows in society, bears fruit in the educational institutions and is spread by Media. In Pakistan, the teaching learning of faith usually begins at home and grows in society. …

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