Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Rejection Resilience and Well-Being of Indian Working and Non-Working Women

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Rejection Resilience and Well-Being of Indian Working and Non-Working Women

Article excerpt

"Life is about going for things. And when we do, rejection is always a possibility" (Anonymous)

The word "rejection" was first used in 1415. The original meaning was "to throw" or "to throw back". Social rejection occurs when an individual is deliberately excluded from a social relationship or social interaction for social rather than practical reasons. The topic includes interpersonal rejection (or peer rejection), romantic rejection and familial estrangement. A person can be rejected on an individual basis or by an entire group of people. Furthermore, rejection can be either active, by bullying, teasing, or ridiculing, or passive, by ignoring a person, or giving the "silent treatment." The experience of being rejected is subjective for the recipient, and it can be perceived when it is not actually present. Nevertheless, rejection can become a problem when it is prolonged or consistent, when the relationship is important, or when the individual is highly sensitive to rejection. Rejection by an entire group of people can have especially negative effects, particularly when it results in social isolation .The experience of rejection can lead to a number of adverse psychological consequences such as loneliness, low self-esteem, aggression, and depression. It can also lead to feelings of insecurity and a heightened sensitivity to future rejection.

Resilience does not eliminate stress or erase life's difficulties. Instead, it gives people the strength to tackle problems head on, overcome adversity and move on with their lives. In the wake of traumas such as the 9/11 attacks and the Hurricane Katrina disaster, many individuals demonstrated the behaviors that typify resilience. Even in the face of events that seem utterly unimaginable, people are able to marshal the strength to not just survive, but to prosper.

Well-being is a general term for the condition of an individual or group, their social, economic, psychological, spiritual and medical state, high well-being means that, in some sense, the individual or group's experience is positive, while low well-being is associated with negative happenings.

Review of related literature

In modem society resilience is important in day to day life. In this study we are talking about that how rejection resilience has a positive or negative impact on the well being of Indian women. Resilience does not eliminate stress or difficulties. Instead, it gives people strength to bounce back. At some point, everyone experiences varying degrees of setbacks, rejections of all types such as social rejection, rejection from loved ones, rejection in marriage etc. All these rejections can have negative effect on person's well being. Some of the related reviews arc:

In 2011 Gill Windle analyses the concept of resilience from a range of disciplinary perspectives and clarifies a definition in order to inform research, policy and practice.

The complexities of defining what appears to be the relatively simple concept of resilience are widely recognized. The work takes a life course approach to resilience, examining evidence derived from research across the lifespan. It incorporates the methods of systematic review, concept analysis and consultation through face-to-face meetings. The synthesis of methodological approaches enables a clear identification of the antecedents, defining attributes and consequences of resilience, validated with stakeholder partners. Through this process, resilience is defined as the process of effectively negotiating, adapting to, or managing significant sources of stress or trauma.

Similarly, In 2010 Haigh and Amaratunga, presented an integrative review of the literature to explore the nature of the built environment discipline's potential role in the development of society's resilience to disasters. The integrative literature review method is used to address this emerging topic and present a holistic conceptualization of the literature. A review of the literature reveals that the built environment "discipline", at each stage of the disaster management process, has invaluable expertise and a key role to play in the development of society's resilience to disasters. …

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