Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Structural Models of Titles and Subtitles (on the Materials of the English and Azerbaijani Languages)

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Structural Models of Titles and Subtitles (on the Materials of the English and Azerbaijani Languages)

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

While studying the structural models of titles and subtitles it becomes clear that they depend on a number of factors. One of these factors can be determined as the diachronic-historical principle. The names of the literary pieces and their titles have been subjected to a certain changes. Investigation of these problems on the materials of the English and Azerbaijani languages requires systematic view at literary pieces in both languages. In the paper the problem first has been described in English and then in the Azerbaijani language, in the chronological order. In the following stage the structural models of titles are studied in the comparative aspect.

2. Diachronic Approach to the Study of Titles and Subtitles

The forms of titles used by the British author in the literary pieces in the XVII-XX centuries have changed as the time went on. From this view-point specific features are observed in the use of these titles.

At the initial period of foundation of literary pieces titles were used. In the history of both, the English and Azerbaijani languages, being transferred from generation to generation these titles orally have survived until now. After the adoption of Christianity in England monarchs-scientists started writing different myths, legends. For example, epic poem "Beowulf" written by the handwriting of the X century, has reached safe-and sound until the present century.

After England was occupied by the Norman's in XI-XIII centuries three-languaged literature of the feudal world begin to be developed. Church literature was written in Latin, poems and poetries on knights were written in French, but English legends, were written in the Anglo-Saxon languages. In this period religious-didactic anthology called "The Cambridge Tales" was written as a collection of love and satiric poems. Among the other works of the time were "The Play of Adam" (St. Anselm of Canterbury, 1093), "The History of the Kings of Britain" (Geoffrey of Monmouth, 1136), "Layamon's Brut" (Layman, 1205). These works, being chronicles were written in Latin. The novel on Knighthood called "Havelock" belongs to 1250-1300 years. It is clearly seen from the names of above-mentioned works that the authors wrote more about ancient legends and myths. The titles of the works reflecting the chronicles of historical events were given by the name of the historical personalities. Among the English literary monuments of the XIV-XVI centuries three were the works, named "The Canterbury Tales", Mort d. Arthur (Sir Thomas Malory), "Utopia" (Sir Tomes More). At the end of the XVI and at the beginning of the XVII centuries, the names of Shakespeare's works from the view of titles cause our interest. He named the chronicles on the English history by the names of monarch heroes: "King Henry VI", "King Richard III". The tragedies of Shakespeare were called by the names of heroes, such as: "Hamlet", "Othello", Romeo and Juliet" etc. Besides a number of comedies having distinctive titles were also created: "The Taming of the Shrew", "O Midsummer Night Dream", "Much Ado About Nothing" etc.

Literary prosaic work of XVII-XVIII centuries in the English language, as to their language peculiarities were close to the language of the documents. These works sometimes remind of chronicle, because very often they were written in the form diaries. In the titles of the literary works of this period emotionality is missing. Titles very often were given in the form of brief summary on the plot. There exists information on the hero of the work and on the events taking places at the time. The long titles such as, "The life and strange Surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner" (D. Defoe), "A Journal Made in Summer of 1994 through Holland and the Western Frontier of Germany" (A. Radcleffe) etc. remind us of business like character. I. R. Galpern shows that in this period for the titles of works of prose not breaking the truthfulness of narration was characteristics (Galpern, 2009). …

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