Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

The Scopes of Word Semantics

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

The Scopes of Word Semantics

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

The concepts are the parts of the knowledge that are used and activated, defended during the activities of speech acts and mind totally. They are the meaningful units that are not divided into the smallest parts in the cognitive usage process of the information, and they are not analysed. In a word, they can be meant as specific features of a mind.

The concepts that are created in the human's minds are the creation of actions and things in the imaginations, and these lead to the formation of things and actions in the human's minds. N. Chomski claimes that all languages were organized on the same model, but it doesn't mean that there are the same cultural sequences among the different languages. It does not show that the people who speak in different cultural languages create the explanation, or the description of the same things and actions in the same way either. He states that the creation of various concepts in different languages are related in the human's experience of the language, and its usage. He states that the creation of concepts in the human's mind has individual character because each individual has its own usage of cultural language, and it also depends on the condition of the individual's living (Bickerton, 2010). Concepts reflect the environment and the changing that happen there. The specific features of constant changing of human's knowledge is also related with this (Abdullayev, 2011). As we stated this is formed depending on the human's cultural language theory. The perception of the language is considered to be the main factor in the formation of concepts. The genetic factors shouldn't be forgotten in this case.

N.Chomski states that the principles of genetic factors are active in the language learning. He underlines that it doesn't mean to learn everything. Learing is the activization of the process, and this process is the same for all cultural languages, and it is related with other cognitive processes in the mind. Concepts are created and developed in the minds of each language leaning human that was born healthy. As the individual grows, the concept in its mind also grows and grows. And this process contiues until the individual dies, or it captures some mind dying disease (Bickerton, 2010). Of course, mind, behaviour and concept are related intuitively. The conceptual knowledge of an individual and the deleveration of the same information are represented as the presentation of the stored information in the mind. C.Riesbeck writes about it: "this is the method of perception, understanding in the memory process" (Riesbeck, 1975). A question draws my attention: Does a human mind have any role in the formation, deleveration and usage of the concept? According to Q. Marcuss the brain gets the information from senses, analises that information and then sends it to the outside immediately. The brain performs this. The brain hasn't been created for thinking about the laws of the mankind, or hasn't formed the laws that rule them. It only sends the information that was sent to it mechanically. As Q. Marcuss claims a brain performs its function step by step and perfectly ( Marcus, 2004).

1. The senses get the information;

2. Send it to the analising for to define;

3. Chooses the course of the movement corresponding to the analising;

4. At last it commands for performing that action.

Opinion-independence-speech creates the relation to the real world directly. A person sends the information that was stored in his brain through voices, or words. N.Chomski claims that before a person communicates the recursion process begins in his brain, and before the recursion process the concept has already been created in his mind (Bickerton, 2010). Let us carry out an experiment. We use the term /leopard/ for this experiment. When we hear the term of leopard we do not refer to a concrete object. We only imagine the animal leopard, and don't create its imagination directly. …

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