Academic journal article Journal of Comparative Family Studies

Balancing Work and Caregiving for Children, Adults, and Elders

Academic journal article Journal of Comparative Family Studies

Balancing Work and Caregiving for Children, Adults, and Elders

Article excerpt

NEAL, Margaret B, Nancy J. CHAPMAN, Berit, INGERSOLL-DAYTON, Arthur C. EMI.EN, BALANCING WORK AND CAREGIVING FOR CHILDREN, ADULTS, AND ELDERS (Family Caregiver Applications Series, Volume 3). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1993, 292 pp., $24.00 softcover / $49.95 hardcover.

This clearly and concisely written book by a research team from the Departments of Urban Studies and Planning (Chapman and Neal) and the School of Social Work (Emlen and Ingersoll-Dayton) at Portland State University, provides comprehensive findings of a survey about informal caregiving and its personal as well as organizational effects for employees (N= 5,862) who care for dependants (children, adults with disabilities, and/or elders), versus those employees who have no dependant care responsibilities (N = 3,711 ) across the lifespan.

This book is divided into four sections. The Introduction consists of the rationale for attending to work and family issues (Chapter 1 ), followed by details about the study:

1. a conceptual framework based on the concepts of stress, roles, and `spillover ' among roles; that is, "the stress and coping processes in which the effects flow from one individual to another, as well as from one social role to another" (p.31)

2. a survey design, which is included in Appendix A, that sought to (a) assess in detail the nature of the employees' caregiving responsibilities for more than one of the three dependent groups, and (b) to explore the consequences/ outcomes (loss of time at work or absenteeism and stress) of combining work and family responsibilities as might be mediated by the personal characteristics of the employee, by the work and family demands on that employee, and by the resources available to her or him to cope with these demands". …

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