Academic journal article International Journal on Humanistic Ideology

Economic and Social Security - Defining Factor of Sovereignty. A Case Study - Romania

Academic journal article International Journal on Humanistic Ideology

Economic and Social Security - Defining Factor of Sovereignty. A Case Study - Romania

Article excerpt

Expressed at the same time as the Westfalian type state and aiming the exclusive prerogative of the State in the exercise of power, sovereignty becomes in the globalized era an concept increasingly controversial, many authors considering that the sovereignty is increasingly insubstantial given that the state has lost its main powers in international relations and would no longer have control over their own destinies under conditions of increasing interdependence (Camilleri, Falk, 1992, p. 12).

In our opinion, sovereignty, understood as independence and security, additional to survival, referred as security and prosperity represents the essence, the rationale morality of international relations if we accept that this morality exists. In this article we intend to approach this controversial concept in terms of economic security. Either is accepted the really generally and condensed meaning of the term or the wider and more complex content, the center of gravity is placed more and more in the economic area. Economic security can be understood stricto sensu as the economic foundation of military power or, largo sensu, a complex dimension of security.

Welfare is equivalent to the potential for mobilization, if not in the short term, at least in the medium or long term. Economic security is a synergistic type and essential, as it gather around and integrates in the same concept of power all other dimensions - human, cultural, social, informational and military - giving them strength and consistency. The economy, without diminish anything to the role of power and support of the state power and army generator, moves to a new dimension, the internationalization and globalization of power pillars. So far, this internationalization is discontinuous and fractal, but it already outlines a reconfiguration not very reassuring of the new pillars and new areas of power.

This reasoning leads to the conclusion that the economic strength of a nation is inevitably a latent threat for opponents of it, and within that logic, we may consider that it is not advisable to contribute to the economic development of the opponents / opponent - but rather to establish them trade embargoes (Mpller, 2004, p. 80).

The national sovereignty - national security relationship must be seen, in our view, as an essential factor of the state existence, and in this context, the economic security must be understood as a key factor of the system, which provides resources and dynamic balance of the other components of this system. The limited character and uneven distribution of resources, be it energy resources, raw materials and food and water, seriously damage to the natural balance of the world by environmental degradation, asymmetric development of demographic resources, diseases, extreme poverty, degradation of education or lack of it, acute imbalances between rich countries and poor countries on north-south axis of the planet are as many vulnerabilities with an insufficiently assessed explosive potential, vulnerabilities that manifests themselves in two ways: internally, the consequences can mark increased instability, and externally, their export cannot be stopped, but in the best case, only managed. The economic dimension of security will be determined; it will operate as a national interest of the Procrustean bed (Frunzeti, Zodian, 2011, p. 15).

Economic security complexity derives from the multitude of processes and economic, social, financial phenomena and not only, implied as a result of globalization, seen both as a process and systematic and permanent phenomenon acting on national economies. Its dynamism is given by the alert pace of economic processes and phenomena occurring at national and planetary level.

From national sovereignty perspective, we believe that the economic security should be viewed primarily of the following ways:

* the ability of states to maintain independent production capabilities in a global market;

* the possibility that economic dependence on the global market to be used to achieve political goals;

* the possibility that the overall market to increase economic inequalities between states;

* the risk that economic globalization, which leads to lower economic functions of the state, to generate perverse effects as underground economy, illicit trade, technology traffic, impairment of the environment;

* the risk that the global economy is in crisis due to a weak political leadership, weak international institutions, protectionist reactions, financial instability. …

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