Academic journal article International Journal on Humanistic Ideology

The European Common Army - between European Unity and National Sovereignty

Academic journal article International Journal on Humanistic Ideology

The European Common Army - between European Unity and National Sovereignty

Article excerpt

Introduction

The dynamics of the international situation in the context of globalization, the economic crisis and especially, the crisis from the Eastern Europe and from the Middle East, generates more heated debate within the EU on its future role. As it is expected to be, the discussions were gathered around the two main currents: the one which promotes a deeper integration of member states and eventually, militates for an enlargement; and the one (represented by Eurosceptics) which sees a Union bankrupt institutionally and being in recession in confrontation with the sovereign states. Contrary to forecasts launched by Eurosceptics, the EU leadership insisted (in the context of a deeper-and-deeper economic crisis and, in particular, of the sovereign debt, specific to some EU member states) on profound integration measures of states, both institutionally and politically. In this regard, we believe that the Stability and Growth Pact (EU Council Directive no.85, 2011) and establishing the European Stability Mechanism (Treaty ESM, 2012) could become the forerunner of measures that would open the Union for a deeper integration.

Even if the road to a (con)federal entity such as the United States of Europe is still long, and its direction is quite unpredictable, there are enough signs to show us that, this will be the only way able to sustain the geopolitical and security interests of Europe in the world. The establishment, together with the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty, the European Council Presidency, and especially the European External Action Service (EEAS) has moved the EU in the direction for establishing fundamental institutions: a permanent presidential institution, a EU ministry of foreign affairs, having as main task the elaboration and the implementation of a coherent single foreign policy, beyond national interests of states and the needed security training institutions.

According to the overall mission of the EEAS, we believe that this can be considered an embryo of a European foreign minister, a defense ministry and an intelligence service. However, the establishment of the European External Action Service seems to be so far an insufficient step, as long as it has no real means able to support their mission. In this context, briefly expressed, we estimate that the gradual establishment of a European Common Army (ECA), an institution subordinated to the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), especially to the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), can lead to reach the political and security goals of the Union, both externally and internally, to strengthen the European unity and the creation of a European identity.

The main objective of this research is taking into analyze the fact if, the establishment of a European Common Army can be done without affecting national sovereignty of member states. We consider that the solving of this dilemma could be the beginning of the establishment of European institutions regarding ECA. We must underline the fact that, our proposal concerning the manner in which ECA will become a reality is a new one, not debated in public until now: an ECA consists of European citizens.

The pillars on which we will base our research are: the description of historical way regarding the concept of European unity; the presentation of the current situation on the Common Security and Defense Policy, focusing on outlining the legal framework that could sustain such an approach; the analysis of the relation between ECA and national armies.

Overview regarding the need to establish an ACE

The negative economic developments, through which the European zone has been transiting, raised, more than ever, the question of reducing the national defense budgets. Although it is suggested that the real reason for these cuts is determined by the decrease of the military potential of hypothetical enemies, it is obviously that the new developments, particularly those in Eastern Europe, contradict this theory. …

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