Academic journal article Military Review

Stonewall of the West: Patrick Cleburne & the Civil War

Academic journal article Military Review

Stonewall of the West: Patrick Cleburne & the Civil War

Article excerpt

STONEWALL OF THE WEST: Patrick Cleburne & the Civil War by Craig L. Symonds. 322 pages. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. 1997. $34.95.

Patrick Cleburne's legacy has suffered because his service was in the Western Theater of the Civil War and from his death in the tactically flawed November 1864 attack at Franklin, Tennessee. He has, unfortunately, as author Craig L. Symonds points out, remained a little-known figure in campaigns dominated by Union generals Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman and by Confederate generals such as the enigmatic Braxton Bragg and the fatally daring John Bell Hood. Clebume's status has been further lessened by his service as a division commander rather than as a more prestigious corps commander. Nevertheless, this is a highly insightful analysis of Cleburne, who Jefferson Davis dubbed "Stonewall of the West."

While the title of the book is "catchy," the accuracy is another matter. Symonds makes two points continually. First, foreign-born Cleburne was not a West Point graduate, and he participated in the near-mutiny of senior officers against Bragg. Neither of these issues would engulf the "Stonewall of the East"-Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson-a native-born West Pointer who never gave any indication of disagreement with General Robert E. …

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