Academic journal article ASBM Journal of Management

Quality of Work - Life Balance: A Study on IT Professionals

Academic journal article ASBM Journal of Management

Quality of Work - Life Balance: A Study on IT Professionals

Article excerpt

Introduction

The changing economic conditions and social demands have changed the nature of work throughout the world. Originally, work was a matter of necessity and survival. Today, work is widely viewed as a source of personal satisfaction. The corporate world of today is exceedingly demanding. The work culture varies from organization to organization. Today, the deadlines are getting tighter and an individual's job is not only to match that deadline but also to give quality output. Due to this work pressure, it becomes exceedingly difficult to maintain a family life. It becomes very difficult to have the engagement of mind with the engagement of body. Every person who is a workaholic and does not enjoy his family life cannot be termed a successful person. When a life encounters such imbalance then the peace and harmony of life vanishes and there is an adverse effect of it on the work life too. To avoid such situation one should always try to avoid this imbalance in life. Good balance in work and life can play a phenomenal role in the attainment of personal and professional goals. The objective of this paper is to understand the various issues on work life balance that have come to the forefront due to the dynamic nature of work. By definition, work life balance is about people having measure of control over when, where and how they work. There is a view that work-life balance only in the framework of what the company does for the individual. But worklife balance is a two-pronged approach. One is organisation and the other is always overlooked by many individuals. Basically, it refers to what individuals do for themselves. The core of work life balance could also be summed as achievement with enjoyment. Achievement can be viewed as motive of life while enjoyment is the fuel that drives that motive. Achievement and enjoyment at work is a critical part of work-life balance. Similarly, achievement and enjoyment in the other three quadrants of one's life such as family, friends' and self is also critical. Work life balance is not merely balancing profession and family but it is balancing our mental and status quo and thereby balancing our emotional intelligence, which is necessary to manage you and to handle others.

Literature Review

Work-life balance is defined as an employee's perception that multiple domains of personal time, family care, and work are maintained and integrated with a minimum of role conflict (Clark, 2000; Ungerson & Yeandle, 2005). Work-family balance reflects an individual's orientation across different life roles, an inter-role phenomenon (Marks and MacDermid, 1996). Karakas and Lee, (2004) explained work life balance issues as spending good quality time with family members, having free time to relax for emotional wellbeing, health of family members, getting support and good communication from the fellow colleagues, obtaining high quality child care and education and being satisfied with the work load. Work-life balance is a key issue in all types of employment as dual-career families have become common and high work demands with long working hours becoming the norm. Increasing workloads put pressure on employees to demonstrate their commitment to work in more obvious ways (Ishaya & Ayman, 2008). Consequently, a larger part of them have tended to be present at their work place for longer periods of time, thereby reducing the time for which they are available at home. There has been increasing interest in work family interface in the human resource management literature, especially because of the sources and outcomes of conflict between these two spheres. A number of studies have addressed this issue from different perspectives. Greenhaus and Beutell (1985) examined the antecedents of conflict between family and work, Goodstein (1994) and Ingram and Simons (1995) presented an institutional perspective on organizations' responses to workfamily issues. Campbell and Kennard (1994) have studied the effects of family responsibilities on the work commitment and job performance of women. …

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