Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

An Innovative Method of Managing the Training Process of Qualified Basketball Players with Hearing Impairment

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

An Innovative Method of Managing the Training Process of Qualified Basketball Players with Hearing Impairment

Article excerpt

Introduction

Sport is an important factor for rehabilitation and social adaptation of people with health deviations. Active participation in sports activities restores mental balance of people with hearing impairment. Adequate communication during the trainings and competitions contributes to the faster rates of humans' adaptation to the modern life conditions [13, 15, 15]. Participation in sports competitions and training demand much from human body and functioning of all its systems (Arnold P., 1995) [12].

It is possible to name such directions in the field of disabled sports, as: sports traumatology, biomechanics, classification system of sportsmen-invalids, psychology and sociology of sport, development of specialized wheelchairs, impact of training load on the body of sportsmen with disabilities [16, 23]. However, it should be noted that the problems of training of sportsmen with hearing impairment and methodical features of their training are not enough studied by scientific experts. Y.M. Vihljaev (2007) [1] studied the problem of increasing the effectiveness of training and competitive activity of swimmers with hearing impairment. M.V. Gabov (2010) [2] revealed the issues of social adaptation of highly skilled fighters who took part in the Deaflympic games. A.N. Kadochkin (2011) [4] showed the effectiveness of joint trainings of physically healthy judo sportsmen and sportsmen with hearing impairment. V.V. Murav'ev-Andreychuk (2013) [5] considered the means and methods of training of snowboarders with hearing problems and pedagogical control of physical preparedness in the annual cycle. O.A. Zavorotna (2008) [3] developed the program for development of coordination abilities of basketball players of 13-14 years old with hearing impairment. D.K. Ammons [11] mentioned that the training of sportsmen with hearing impairment requires from the coach great pedagogical tact, attention, skillful use of success evaluation and strict individual approach. So, P. Kurková (2011) [22] indicates that the sports training of people with hearing impairment requires the systematic correction of the physical condition, moves in the process of improving of sports technique, physical qualities and the load, on the basis of which form the adaptive and compensatory mechanisms.

As we know, the process of sports training is a complex dynamic system, where the management plays an important role. Controlling of the training process is a system of influence on a sportsman with the help of transferring him from the original level of sports preparedness to any other given level in order to achieve sports results [9]. Scientists widely considered the management issues of general and special physical fitness of healthy and qualified sportsmen [29]. However, there is a problem of development and selection of the system of impact on sportsmen with hearing impairment. It requires creative cooperation of trainers, scientists and medical professionals in order to create continuous improvement and scientifically based system of sports training.

Also, information about the problem of training sportsmen with hearing impairment shows that during the training process trainers use common methodological approaches developed for healthy sportsmen [6, 14, 26, 28]. Today many scientific studies deal with the training and competitive activity of high qualified basketball players. The modern system of training of woman's basketball teams in order to achieve high results uses a lot of new tools and techniques that enhance the workability of sportsmen. R.A. Sushko (2009) [7] developed a method for predicting the level of sportsmanship of skilled basketball players. The study was based on the studying of fluctuation indicators of the level of their workability and moving possibilities at different stages of ovarian-menstrual cycle. L.G. Shahlina (2012) [8] reviewed the specifics of the functional adaptation of the organisms of skilled sportsmen to considerable physical activities. …

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