Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

A Critical Review of Parents of Preschool Children Related to Computer Use

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

A Critical Review of Parents of Preschool Children Related to Computer Use

Article excerpt

Introduction

Using computers in everyday work, life and play day-to-day, is ever-increasing. Todayit is almost everywhere available free Wi-Fi signal, and the market is overloaded with smartphones which without any trouble connect to this signal, and "a window to the world" is open to them in any moment. In the 21st century, computers have been important influences in children's lives (Calvert, 1999).The computer serves as an important influence in children's lives through the role it can play in experiential learning (Samaras, 1996; Linn & His, 1999). Computer can also function in children lives as a multipurpose tool in helping them to achieve academic goals and become more creative (Bank & King, 1999). Clements and Samara (2003) recommended computer technology as a tool for improving children's learning through exploration, creative problem solving and self guided instruction.

Computers found their way to almost every family. What once was television, nowadays are, certainly, computers. By more frequent use of computers in the family, they become available to children of all ages, including preschool children. Young children are using digital technology devices anytime and anywhere, especially with the invention of smart phones and the replacement of desktop computers with digital tablets (Strader, 2011). In a research (Rideout et al., 1999) which encompassed children and teenagers, and which asked them to answer which media they would carry with them to a lonely island, the majority of them answered: a computer with the internet. There is a constant rise in the number of children who spend a considerable part of their leisure time in front of the computer (Dmitric & Jankovic, 2011). Physically, preschool children with increasing computers use tend to be less physically active, increasing the risks of obesity and musculoskeletal problems (Bremer, 2005). Given that their body is very susceptible different influences, whose effects are manifested in the later period, must be taken into account that some negative effects is not possible or is very difficult possible to fix a later age (Pantovic et al., 2012). A substantial decline in children's activity levels during the last few decades has contributed to a rising prevalence of childhood obesity and related health problems (Ahrabi-Fard & Matvienko, 2005). There is a huge responsibility of parents: What age in acceptable for tart using the computer? To which extent? What are the consequences? Large number of parents also expressed concern that eyesight of their children got affected by using computers (Dhingra et al., 2009). To this and similar questions, there are no answers and definitive stances. Surrounded by phones, tablets, smartphones, television, video games in which violence dominates (Provenzo, 1991), children adapt to the new digital surrounding thus developing the knowledge and competences necessary for this. Ina very fast manner, they acquire the rules of computer games, solve problematic situations on the computer, use it for communication, creating, searching, analyzing, learning, and for other activities. Already in early childhood children are fluent in the "digital language" and the language of video games. With using the computer, everything is possible and available to them.

One of the great challenges of the modern society is the development of abilities for generating knowledge and data processing, especially in children (Castells, 2003). Information literacy is regarded as general and implied, and the emphasis is placed on acquiring skills for data search, their combining, and using the knowledge for those purposes which an individual will need during his or her lifelong learning. The basic habits of using computers in play and leisure can be acquired already in the institutions dealing with early upbringing and education. Correct use of computers in an early age makes the educational process more interesting, more high-quality, more creative, and more accessible to children, and it contributes to a more highquality integration of diverse contents (Elston, 2007). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.