Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Physical Rehabilitation and Thermoregulatory Processes in Athletes with Disabilities

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Physical Rehabilitation and Thermoregulatory Processes in Athletes with Disabilities

Article excerpt

Introduction

Integration of people with disabilities into the society, their social protection and support is one of the most important political priorities of in every developed country of the world, because human attitude to people with disabilities is largely a measure of a civilized democratic state structure (Shyyan, Slyvka, Turchyk, 2014). The studies of A.I.Kravchenko and V.I. Honcharenko (2008) in particular are devoted to the issues of work rate rehabilitation in football players with disabilities by mean of acupuncture. G.M. Boyko (2005, 2007) and O.M. Maksimova (2005) investigated theoretical and methodological aspect of medical and psychological classification of athletes belonging to all nosological groups. The specificity of autonomic regulation of cardiovascular system in basketball players with lesions of the spinal cord by means of physical rehabilitation was investigated by O.Romanchuk and M. Sorokin (2005). The role of physical training and sports in physical rehabilitation that improve disabled athletes' standards of living is presented in the research of V.V.Khramov (2008, 2010). R.Y. Rudenko (2010 - 2014) has carried out a number of research on the effect of physical therapy measures upon physiological condition of athletes with disabilities. In particular, monitoring of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, creatinine and creatine kinase in blood, 17-KC of urine at rest, after exercise, after a course of physical rehabilitation have been administered; methodology of correctional massage, active and passive exercises with a glance at underlying and accompanied diseases, amount of physical activity in different periods of the training process (Rudenko R., 2014). The issues of physical therapy development in Ukraine, rehabilitation and sport for disabled persons were investigated by J.O. Liannyi (2010, 2013). Problems of diagnostic tests, role of clinical practice in physical rehabilitation experts training are stated in the research of T.V. Boichuk (2008 - 2012). Functional capacities of archers with disabilities according to the indicators of muscle strength and sensitivity as well as sense of time before and after control competitions were analyzed by A. Mahliovanyi (2002). The author substantiated the necessity of specific physical activities in preparing the athletes with disabilities for training and competitions. Joel A. DeLisa, M.D., Professor, the founder of Foundation Research Center, Head of the Department of Restorative Medicine and Rehabilitation of Medical School in New Jersey in 2010 reissued a manual "Restorative Medicine: principles and practice". One of the chapters is devoted to practical advice on physical rehabilitation in different diseases, the relationship between the rehabilitation and sport is outlined. In 1966 Ludwig Huttman (Stock Mandevil, UK) founded British Association of athletes with disabilities. He fundamentally changed theory and practice of rehabilitation for disabled people, giving preference to doing sports. In conclusion it is indicated that physical rehabilitation of disabled people improves physical abilities of patients. Disabled persons with injuries of musculoskeletal system should be actively involved in sports (Gowin W., 2010). Current research highlight mainly the issues of improvement of sports training, pedagogical and psychological aspects of support for athletes with disabilities, methods of disabled people integration in modern society, physiological changes in the body under the influence of physical activity (Bashkin, Makarova, 2012; Kravchenko, Chkhajlo, 2008; Bozon, Vanlandewijck, 2007). There is a lack of scientific papers that would disclose the mechanism of physical rehabilitation measures, regulation of physical activity with a glance at their main clinical course and comorbidities. Thus the range of problems in our research was caused by objective requirements as well as by the development of sport for athletes with disabilities in general.

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