Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Effectiveness of Integral-Developmental Balls Use in Complex Development of Physical and Mental Abilities of Senior Preschool Age Children

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Effectiveness of Integral-Developmental Balls Use in Complex Development of Physical and Mental Abilities of Senior Preschool Age Children

Article excerpt

Introduction

The trend of humanization of preschool education focuses specialists of physical education on the search for optimal ways of child harmonious development, building awareness of the need of continuous education, including the stage of transition from kindergarten to school. That is why a number of studies in recent decades aimed at the development and introduction to practice of physical education of preschool children some various technologies, programs and techniques of integrated development of physical and mental abilities (Vilchkovsky, 2004; Glazyrina, 2005; Moscalenko, 2011; Pangenova, 2013; Stepanenkova, 2006; Briskin, 2014).

However, despite the relatively wide range of the studied, it should be noted the insufficient coverage of issues of complex development of physical and mental abilities of preschool children using sports equipment, because is observed that in preschool age is intensive development of the world learning, the desire to interact with various objects. But unfortunately technologies offered to children, aimed at the development of physical qualities or mental abilities without their integration, and also are practically not used elements of different sports (Kozina, 2011; Pityn, 2015).

Thus, the problem of didactic support of the realization of a new conceptual approach to the organization of physical education, in the basis of which would be included complex development of physical and mental abilities in the context of a coherent and holistic preschooler personality is not enough studied, but extremely necessary in the light of modern requirements and determines the relevance of the study.

Aim of the research

Justification and experimental verification of physical education classes effectivity with use of integral-developmental balls for the complex development of physical and mental abilities of senior preschool age children.

Research organization

Studies were conducted at the kindergarten No165 in Lviv. For this was created control and experimental groups of 30 children 5 years of age who have formed by random sampling and which were similar by all indicators of physical fitness and mental abilities (p>0,05). Into the experimental group (EG) were included 15 girls and 15 boys, to the control (CG) - 14 girls and 16 boys. In CG all organizational forms of studies were conducted in accordance with the content and methodological recommendations of basic program "I am in the world", where the movement action with integral balls is an obligatory component (balls used without didactic content). In EG the content in physical education was supplemented by developed material.

Methods

Theoretical analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical observations, pedagogical testing, psycho diagnostic testing, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics (determination of M, S, W-test of Shapiro-Wilk and Student's t-test, correlation analysis, factor analysis).

Results

At preschool age, there are real possibilities for wide integration of body and movement, and cognitive activity of children, due to the distinguishing feature of a child in this age - the close relationship of the physical and mental development. The proposed program "Smart ball" is built with consideration of the conceptual problems of basic education programs of preschool children "I am in the world" and the program of senior preschool children "Sure Start". The main purpose is to create the best opportunities for future success in school for children as well as to promote harmonious development of their personality. One of the main principles of the program "Sure Start" is the integrated approach to child education and development.

The aim of the program "Smart Ball" is a complex development of physical and mental abilities of the child during exercising with the preferred use of integral-developmental balls. The purpose of the program is specified in health, educational and upbringing tasks which are to optimize physical and mental development of the child during exercising. …

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