Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

Didactic Strategies for the Development of Professional Musical Hearing

Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

Didactic Strategies for the Development of Professional Musical Hearing

Article excerpt

1. MUSICAL HEARING - ESSENTIAL CONDITION FOR THE TRAINING OF FUTURE ARTISTS

Musical hearing is a set of skills or native predispositions necessary for the training of future musicians, traits that should be identified and developed since the first years of the pre-school period (3 years old). If we talk about specialized types of education, these skills, native qualities, are tested through a detailed examination, organized before the first year of primary school. The oral tests which condition the success of a child at the admission exam in the first class at a musical high school include: detection of the melodic musical hearing or, respectively, harmonic, of the sense of rhythm and musical memory. Without these early native data that will develop over the years, children will not be able to study and especially to perform in the musical field.

As Ion Gagim states, this area was always fascinating. Thus, ''research on the issue of musical skills has started even since the nineteenth century through the works of C. Stumpf (1883, 1890), T. Billroth (1895), A. Faist (1897), M. Meyer (1898) etc. /.../. According to Revesz, musicality itself includes, among other qualities, the faculty of aesthetic enjoyment through music, the ability to get into its disposition, to capture the form and construction of the phrase, the subtle sense of style. K. Seashore, on the contrary, interpreted musicality as a sum of separate talents, unconnected, classifying them into five major groups: auditory sensation and perception, musical action (the musical act itself), musical memory and musical imagination, musical intellect, musical sensitivity. (...)" 57.

In the stages of school learning, the mental development of the child is the main reference in the process of acquiring knowledge, of skills and abilities formation, ,,the continuous restructuring and training process of certain characteristics, processes, functions and psycho-behavioural structures through the subjective capitalization of the socio - historical experience, in order to amplify the body's adaptive possibilities"58. If we take into account the main stages of mental development of the child, as they are broadly discussed in the volumes concerning age-related psychology by Jean Piaget, Ursula Schiopu etc., we can follow and establish a number of ways of training and development of musical skills and abilities for each age.

Although the contact of the child with music occurs even since the first year of life, we can really talk about a first stage of development in the artistic direction beginning with preschool (3 years old), known under the name of preoperative intelligence stage, when the child develops from a mental point of view, acting particularly with objects. During this period, the affective-emotional side is predominant, having an unquestionable value for the child, music being regarded as a particularly relevant field. In this sense, we can organize various activities for learning music through age-appropriate songs, accompanied by movement, through actual games, through exercises for developing musical memory, hearing, etc.

2.MUSIC THEORY-CONCEPTUAL AND PRAGMATIC. FRAMEWORK IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUSICAL HEARING

Music Theory - Solfeggio - Dictation is the basic subject in the development of musical reading and writing skills, in the development of hearing, memory and thinking. ,, In this context, the issue of the development of skills, abilities, capabilities for receiving and decoding the musical text must not be limited to revealing a primary linear order (...), but it must be oriented, as much as possible, towards a tree development, simultaneous, that would include advanced aspects of musical thinking (dynamics of tonal organization, morphological and syntactic articulations, basic transformational processes etc.)"59. Referring to children following the intensive study of music in specialized high schools, we can say that around the age of 6, the learning and understanding ability of the child increases, compared to the pre-school period, being doubled by the desire to know better the surrounding reality. …

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