Academic journal article Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology

Life Skill Training for Youth Problems and Adjustment

Academic journal article Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology

Life Skill Training for Youth Problems and Adjustment

Article excerpt

Youth is very important period in the life of man. This period is usually concomitant with problems as they "struggle" to fit themselves into society. The word "problem" does not necessary imply that youth is to be assumed to be a period in which stress and storms predominant: it can be a period marked by good health and high achievement. Nevertheless difficult decision and adjustment face young people in today's society. Many youths may not be sufficiently mature to cope with such problems. They go in undesirable directions such as delinquency, drugs, vandalism and stealing etc. moreover, they compensate for their feelings by striking out against society, revolting against adult authority. These problems are invariably compounded by peer pressure where by young people are faced either consciously or unconsciously to become involved in those antisocial activities by people of their own age groups.

Studies on risk and protective factors for children and adolescents have lead mental health professionals to become interested in prevention programs. One well-studied prevention effort is life skills training. Life skills training is an effective prevention method for a range of problems with adolescents, as well as an effective intervention for adolescents experiencing a wide variety of emotional, behavioral, and physical problems.

A WHO document (1994) defines life skills as "abilities for adoptive and positive behavior that enable an individual to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life".

These skills help to develop psychosocial competence and empower young people to have control over what they do. Decision making, communicating, building self-esteem, developing relationships, dealing with conflicts, problem solving, coping with stress and emotions are set of skills which are necessary for the psychosocial wellbeing in children and adolescents.

The study of Botvin and colleges (2006) that was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of prevention program of life skills training on students` violence and delinquency, showed that, teaching the skills, significantly reduced the violence and delinquency of students. Arya, Ranjbar, Salehi, and Roustaei (2012) conducted a study to determine the effectiveness of life skills instruction on general health and social adjustment in girl students of Rezvanshahr guidance schools. Findings showed that life skill training in increasing general health, social adjustment, girl students is used effectively and efficiently. Sobhigharamaki and Rajabee (2010) have also found that life skill training affects mental health and self-esteem of adolescents positively.

The purpose of life skill training is improving psychic and social abilities, mental health and preventing destructive behaviors. After receiving life skill training, each individual should achieve some abilities like self -awareness, self-esteem, communicating with the others, collaborating, and also the ability the dealing with emotions. Problems are evitable in human life, therefore and improving some vital skills is necessary. Roodbari, Sahdipoor and Ghale (2013) found that life skill training have a positive effect on social development, emotional and social adjustment. So, due to the importance of life skill training in students and their importance in student's personality development, present study investigates the role of life skill training in youth problems and adjustment.

Hypotheses :

There would be significant impact of life skill training on youth problems.

There would be significant impact of life skill training on adjustment of school students.

Method

A pre and post test design was adopted to assess the impact of the life skill intervention program. Life Skill Training was conducted collectively in a group of 126 subjects for 2 hours per day. This way, life skill training was given in 20 sessions (20 days).

Sample:

A random sample of 126 (girls) school students in the age range of 12 to 16 years, studying in VIII to XI standard of Hindi medium schools in Rohtak district, Haryana were selected. …

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