Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Teacher Strategies in Improving Speaking Ability Fo Efl Learners in Iran (Comparison between Two English Institutes)

Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Teacher Strategies in Improving Speaking Ability Fo Efl Learners in Iran (Comparison between Two English Institutes)

Article excerpt

Introduction

As the knowledge of second language acquisition increased during the 1970s, teachers and researchers concluded that no single method of language teaching and research findings would mark the start of universal s uccess in teaching a second language (Brown, 2007). It was realized that certain learners seemed to be successful regardless of methods or teaching techniques. And second section refers to the significance of the study that in this regard, language instructors need to incorporate language learning strategies into their teaching methods and approaches, train the students to apply the appropriate strategy for a specific purpose or a specific skill area, and encourage them to use the strategies as frequently a s possible. Students can learn to use language learning strategies to improve their language skills. The third section refers the statement of the problem that explain as O'Malley and Chamot (1990, p.1) define learning strategies as "special language learn ers are continuously looking for ways of applying strategies to deal with situations in which they face new input and tasks proposed by their instructors. Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning which is comprised of producing and receiv ing information. Among the four language skills speaking is viewed to be at the heart of second language learning. The second session of this chapter refers to research strategy and hypotheses that hypotheses is There is no relationship between teacher strategies and improving speaking ability among Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners at Institute level. And forth section of this chapter refers to the research question of the study that is there any relationship between teacher strategies and improving speaking ability among Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners at Institute level? And fifth section refers to the Hypotheses of the study that is H0: There is no relationship between teacher strategies and improving speaking ability among Iranian Intermediate EFL L earners. And sixth section of the study refers the definitions of key terms included in the title of the study will be defined in simple and clear term.

Theoritica framework

Many of the primary studies on language learning strategies were intended at defi ning the language learner who are successful in learning a language. As the knowledge of second language acquisition increased during the 1970s, teachers and researchers concluded that no single method of language teaching and research findings would mark the start of universal success in teaching a second language (Brown, 2007). It was realized that certain learners seemed to be successful regardless of methods or teaching techniques. "Certain people appeared to be endowed with abilities to succeed; others lacked those abilities. Observations and research studies led researchers (Rubin, 1975) to describe successful language learners in terms of personal characteristics, styles, and strategies. They Learn different styles of speech and writing and learn to vary their language regarding the formality of the situation. While the results of the studies on defining the good language learner (are not based on empirical findings, they create characteristics of good language learners as students who are actively involved in language learning and are able to solve problems regarding their own learning. These studies provide a basis for our understanding of what good language learners do to acquire the target language. Once the strategies of successful language learners are identified, these strategies can be taught to less successful learners. It has been consistently reported (Wenden and Rubin, 1987) that all language learners report or have been observed using some type of strategies in learning a foreign or sec ond language. However, they insist that successful language learners have reported to use wider range of learning strategies. On the contrary, the methods and criteria of determining a excellent language learner is unclear and under question. …

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