Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Content Analysis of Journal Articles on Wiki in Science Direct Database

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Content Analysis of Journal Articles on Wiki in Science Direct Database

Article excerpt

Introduction

A wiki is a collection of easily editable web pages, which enable anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language. Wiki can be used for collaborative writing and problem solving tasks. Over the period of time many remarkable wikis were developed, such as Mediawiki, PBWorks, Wikipedia, Wikibooks etc. A great example of a large Wiki is the Wikipedia, a free encyclopedia which can be edited by anyone on the web. (Anderson, 2012).

As wiki creates a platform for content posting and has an important place in the publishing world. It can be used as a great platform to plan and manage a project, business organizations can use Wiki to put the manuals online for the workers, Wikis are the great platforms for event management, Libraries can use wiki as reference source and subject guides for the users. By providing a collaborative learning environment, it enables the learners to collectively contribute the content while building the website and editing new pages. In the present knowledge society wiki is beneficial for learner engagement, collaborative learning, instructional design and many more.

As explained above Wiki is having lot of implication and being used for various purposes , the importance of research in wiki in today's world is undisputable.

Research publications are the epithet of intellectual discoveries primarily aiming to transmit new ideas or information for bringing advancement in knowledge and applying in all areas. As wiki is having lots of implications as mentioned earlier, it is highly essential to analyze the contents of the publications on wiki, by taking different aspects, such as, research method applied in the wiki articles, the subject background of authors publishing articles on wiki, quantity of publications on Wiki etc.

Review of literature

Content analysis is a set of procedures for collecting and organizing information in a standardized format that allows analysts to make inferences about the characteristics and meaning of written and other recorded material (GAO, 1989). It is a powerful tool for examining trends, patterns in documents, authorship pattern etc. The values and intentions of the authors can be inferred from the data which may reveal underlying themes and associations (Duriau, Reger and Pfarrer, 2007).

Number of studies has been made to analyze the content of the documents. Alias et.al (2013) made a content analysis of studies in the field of Wikis that were published in six major journals: TOJET, Educational Technology & Society, Educational Technology Research &Development, Computers & Education, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology and British Journal of Educational Technology. The result reveals that, there has been an increase in the number of articles written on the use of wiki for collaborative learning. The articles were mainly on research but employed a variety of research designs. The articles written from 2007 to 2012 covered several themes: learner engagement, collaborative learning, effectiveness, assessment and instructional design. Aharony (2011) in the study entitled "Web 2.0 in the professional LIS literature: An exploratory analysis" made a content analysis of descriptors and journal titles extracted from the Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) database, focusing on the keyword Web 2.0 and its popular applications: wiki, blog, social network and tags. The findings divulge that the percentage of peer-reviewed articles relating to Web 2.0 is quite low, and a close link between Web 2.0 and library issues. Alias et.al.(2013) made content analysis of studies in the field of Twitter that were published in seven major journals and the study revealed that the use of Twitter is still new in the arena of teaching and learning as it was first introduced in 2006. However, it was proven through the articles that Twitter can be the trending networking medium and learning method. …

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