Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Management Studies

Structural Requirements for Auditing Educational and Research Processes (Case: Shahed University)

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Management Studies

Structural Requirements for Auditing Educational and Research Processes (Case: Shahed University)

Article excerpt


The main functions of universities are education and research. Education is the provision of services that lead to student acquisition of knowledge, skills, scientific qualification, and mental and social progress. Research is investigation that results in expansion of knowledge about a subject that manifests as findings, understanding, technological and scientific innovations, and artistic creation (Foyuzat, 2003, p.60).

Education and research can be defined as "a process of providing services", meaning that they are not merely the result of line activities, but are the outcome of staff processes and activities in specialized and professional areas.

In the real world, universities usually undergo different types of evaluations (Abili, 1997, p.334). Regardless of the type, approach, time, or level, the goal of evaluation is improvement in system yield. Auditing the process is one step along this path. Moreover, universities should maintain and promote their effectiveness appropriately. To change and react to existing challenges, universities should redesign their structures and organization to be more effective; they should redefine and reset their roles and responsibilities.

Amending and recovering organizational processes can achieve greater productivity and higher quality (Torkzadeh et al., 2009, p.92). This procedure is referred to as organizational development or organizational improvement (Javdani et al., 2007, p.29). Improvement and recovering of processes in general and in reference to educational and research processes have always been important for universities. Auditing the processes can pave the way for increased efficiency, effectiveness and organizational development of universities. The present research offers appropriate strategies for establishing a system for auditing educational and research processes.

The necessity and significance of this study at Shahed University was to implement a system to audit the educational and research processes to improve them. Also higher education of the country (Iran) is faced with competition and financial limitations, in this view auditing educational and research processes is essential at Shahed University. It is notable that organizational processes and outcomes are better fulfilled by auditing (Peni & Karmil, 2010, p.37). Higher education institutes can achieve optimal levels of critical processes for higher education.

Auditing and auditing the processes are an administrative unit in universities that require an organizational structure (Anderson et al., 2010, p.19). Neither human nor organizational capital can be used in an organization unless the structural grounds and issues are taken into consideration (Khifer et al., 2009, p.49). Auditing processes is essential to quality assurance and to assure optimal performance of projects and tasks in achieving standards and expectations (Shu et al., 2010, p.285). The main features a new organizational structure should be flexibility and the ability to adapt to changing environments (Farhanghi et al., 2013, p.645).

Lack of proper organizational structure when establishing a system to audit educational and research procedures could hinder the process of auditing. A framework for auditing these procedures in universities should be established and organized from the very beginning. The research statement is: What are the appropriate requirements for auditing educational and research processes? Which structural features are necessary for efficient establishment of an auditing system for educational and research processes in universities and how should it be organized?

Literature review

Auditing a process

An audit is the process of accumulating evidence. Data from an audit is applied to determine whether or not criteria have been fulfilled (PRJL, 2011:1). Auditing can investigate all aspects of an institute, including the work force, technology, and processes (Wikipedia, 2012). …

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