Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Impact of Mastery Cooperative Learning Strategy and Individual Inquiry on Attaining the Technical Aspects of the Stages of Shot Put and Digital Achievement Using the Linear Method among the Students of the University of Jordan

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Impact of Mastery Cooperative Learning Strategy and Individual Inquiry on Attaining the Technical Aspects of the Stages of Shot Put and Digital Achievement Using the Linear Method among the Students of the University of Jordan

Article excerpt

Introduction

Strategies and teaching methods have evolved as a result of the inevitable evolution of contemporary democratic societies based on modern educational psychology and educational research that took on the increase, because of the awareness of teachers and their need to change the traditional teaching methods in the education process (Mosston & Ashworth,1986). And the creation of modern teaching strategies to help students achieve their objectives through the creation of methods of teaching alternative consistent with the scientific development and technological progress, which has made the world a small village; which worked to increase the acceleration of knowledge transmission rapidly surpassing distances and overcome as soon as possible and with less effort than the global openness easy and follow-up all new and sophisticated (Al-Samady, 2007)

The Mastery Cooperative learning And what accompanying of sequential procedural steps and Organized to prepares the students for individual work and the division of students into heterogeneous groups to work together using dialogue and discussion and exchange of information and classification and interpretation and analysis, and evaluate and make comparisons and draw conclusions and generate ideas and guidance from the teacher; important in highlighting the role of student and refine her personality and the ability to cooperate and communicate with others and acceptance and access for students to the point of perfection in the acquisition of skills and motor abilities ( Salavin, 2005)

Many researchers agree that cooperative learning has many benefits that distinguish it from the rest of the strategies through the development of the capacity of students to creative thinking and thinking skills over knowledge and capabilities of different thinking and take advantage of learners from each other's experiences and improve learners' attitudes towards themselves and others and curriculum, teacher and educational institution, Carol suggested a model for mastery of learning which is based on three concepts. (Ba,ajawi,2006)

1-The concept of educational mission( Learning Task) associated with the success of the learner in the amount of time it takes to learn that task, or how much they actually takes the learner to learn and interact with the task.

2- The ability to understand(Understanding),it means learner's ability to absorb and understand the nature of the educational mission and understand it,and try to decode and analyze their symbols and try to integrate them in the proceeds of knowledge in order to Mastery

3- The quality of teaching (instructional Qualities), this concept confirms to follow a variety methods of teaching to provide content to suit the majority of students, from these methods that have extreme importance in Carol model for Mastery learning is cooperative learning method.

The mastery learning from the teaching strategies, which must be arranged and sequenced on the pyramid, to be taught segmented into clear phases of learning in an educational skills or more than , then testing students after they finished, if they not reach to the Mastering, they must providing additional time to perform Mastering in testing, and control of the main phases of skill before moving on to the other skills(Mosston & Ashworth,1986).

As for the strategy of directed individual inquiry, it is a way to search and investigate individually that means every individual looking for the answer to a specific question and research and investigation to find the best ways and the shortest to explore the situation or a problem concern to all students, then determined this situation and the problem and the questions that will discuss for an answer to it, then everybody is integrated in the activity that is being sought during the discussion of the results that have been reached between the students them self, and the teacher on the other hand. …

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