Academic journal article Journal of Psychosocial Research

Interpersonal Communication among Adolescents

Academic journal article Journal of Psychosocial Research

Interpersonal Communication among Adolescents

Article excerpt


The word 'Adolescent' has its literal meaning that means "to grow" or "to grow to maturity" but in the present context this term has broader significance. Adolescence is a period which can be compared with stormy stress. Hurlock (1950) believed that "The adolescent year extends from the onset of puberty between the ages of eleven and thirteen years in the average child, to the age of maturity, twenty one years."

Adolescent period is a phase of conflict and at that time problems like peer pressure, stress, anxiety, interpersonal conflict, cognitive problems such as lack of problem solving, decision making, behavioural and emotional problems like inability to communicate with others can be seen. Adolescence also needs to develop communication skills to communicate at the social level. The skills of effective interpersonal communication are essential for them. The literal meaning of 'interpersonal communication' is the interaction between people. For a better understanding of this concept, it appears necessary to describe it in appropriate manner.

A child starts expressing to communicate his feelings through emotions in the beginning and later on he tries to attempt this with the use of language and his effective interpersonal communication skills. Further in this regard Knapp and Daly (2002) defined this concept in the following lines: "Interpersonal communication can mean the ability to relate to people in written as well as verbal communication. This type of communication can occur in both a one-one and a group setting. This also brings mean able to handle different people in different situations and making people feel at ease. Gestures such as eye-contact, body movement and hand gestures are also part of interpersonal communication. The important functions of interpersonal communication are listening, talking and conflict-resolution. Types of interpersonal communication vary from situation to situation. Interpersonal communication is a way that accomplishes the purpose and is appropriate."This skill helps one to share and express one's ideas, thoughts, desires, likes, dislikes, pleasant, unpleasant feelings and experiences with others in verbal or non-verbal way. Interpersonal Communication should be unambiguous and clear because long communication gap can create deep gulf of confusion and misunderstandings and also negatively affect the relationship. Effective communication leaves a lasting impression on others. It also brings sweetness in relationship with others. The skill of interpersonal communication is communication is essential for healthy relationships. Good relations are nurtured by open and understandable communication.

Most of the researches have been performed in western context which were largely focused on the issue of interpersonal communication. Grobler and Poggenpoel (1999) found effective skills of interpersonal communication among adolescents. Burleson et al. (1995) and Young (2009) concluded in their study that position- centred approach increase the skill of interpersonal communication among children. Some studies have been found in Indian context also. Bala (2014) said in their article that young generation like to over communicate with others rather than interpersonal communication which shows lack of weak skills of interpersonal skills.

This study has been done after keeping in mind the paucity of researches on adolescents in Indian context which has emphasis on qualitative aspects of interpersonal communication.

At the time of reviewing the literature several queries came into mind. Is there any gender-difference between the levels of effective interpersonal communication among adolescents? Is there any difference between level of interpersonal communication among adolescents of rural and urban areas? Are there any personality traits that affect the effectiveness of interpersonal communication? What is the role of external factors such as: friends, family, teachers, schooling, and peer-competition in enhancing the effective interpersonal communication? …

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