Academic journal article Techno Learn

Concerns of School in Nurturing Peace Education

Academic journal article Techno Learn

Concerns of School in Nurturing Peace Education

Article excerpt

Education has tremendous potential in inculcating the humane values as well as social values in a human being, since this world is packed with tensions and turbulences. Peace is not just the absence of war but the practice of love. Society where residents live in unity, work together to resolve the conflict, act morally, be just and value each other is a peaceful society. In this context, education plays an important role in making society peace loving. And this can be initiated from the school of the child. In this context Mahatma Gandhi well said that "if we are to reach real peace in this world we shall have to begin with the children". It has been found that there is no happiness greater than peace and that peace links with the practice of love. Peace is not attainable unless and until it is started with the education of child. Through peace education we can strengthen the will-power, tolerance, rationalization among the people. In the words of the Indian thinker and philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Ethical Policies and Practices in School Environment for Peace Education

"We must be at peace with our whole body and soul, our feelings and instincts, our flesh and its affections".

Meaning of Peace

The concept of peace may refer to the development of brotherhood which propels one to understand and accommodate the ideas and values adhered to by others. The feeling of this nature against others and to appreciate the good points of others creates a healthy and prosperous society. Peace may be positive peace which is regarded as non-violent social system in which there is no place for violence, exploitation and disparity. In a way, we may say that positive peace is a positive attempt to establish a cooperative society of people. When we talk about peace in social and cultural context then it becomes more and more effective and meaningful for needs of a country. It must contain the human, social, cultural, spiritual and global values altogether. Peace should be enriched by its cultural and spiritual values together with the universal human values. Then only it is relevant in present context.

According to Harris Ian, M. (1988), "Peace is a concept which motivates the imagination, connotes more than the cessation of war, implies human beings working together to resolve conflicts, respect standards of justice, satisfy basic needs and honour human rights." Here, it is very rightly highlighted that peace does not merely mean absence of war, it is much more than that and includes satisfying basic needs , upholding the human rights and all working together towards resolution of conflicts and misunderstandings. Gandhi's concept of peace includes; (i) the absence of tensions, conflicts, and all forms of violence including terrorism and war. Peace implies the capacity to live together in harmony. This calls for nonviolent ways of resolving conflicts but conflicts do not have to eventuate into violence, (ii) the creation of non-violent social systems, i.e., a society free from structural violence. The duty to practice justice: social, economic, cultural, and political. Hunger is systematic violence, (iii) the absence of exploitation and injustice of every kind, (iv) International co-operation and understanding. This involves the creation of a just world order, marked by a willingness to share the earth's resources to meet the needs of all. That is, the need to shift from greed to need, (v) ecological balance and conservation, the adoption of lifestyles conducive to the wholeness of creation and (vi) peace of mind, or the psycho spiritual dimension of peace. As we can note, Gandhi ji's idea of peace is a big concept which includes non-violence in the society at all the levels i.e., individual, societal and global.

Meaning of Peace Education and Education for Peace

Let us try to understand the concepts: Education about peace and education for peace. The term education about peace may be regarded as a criticism of war. …

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