Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Epidemiologic Pattern of Fatal Traffic Injuries among Iranian Drivers; 2004-2010

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Epidemiologic Pattern of Fatal Traffic Injuries among Iranian Drivers; 2004-2010

Article excerpt


Due to their specific nature, such as high incidence, high intensity and direct involvement of all members of society, traffic injuries are of particular importance. This role can be seen much in the low-and middle -income countries such as Iran (1). Among the reasons, a rapid increase in the number of motor vehicles, increased exposure to risk factors such as speed and alcohol use [by drivers], as well as inadequate rules for traffic safety and poor public health structures can be mentioned (2, 3). Identification and exact depicture of the situation is the first essential step to reduce and control these events (4). Human behavior complexities, influenced by various and numerous cultural, educational, economic, social, and mental health factors, are effective on how drivers and passengers of vehicles and pedestrians, as traffic users, act; and play a main role in shaping safe traffic behavior and respect for law (5).

Since traffic injuries in the world, especially in Iran, is one of the most important public health problems, continuous and effective prevention for traffic injuries requires coordinated and comprehensive efforts. Although sufficient attention must be paid to several factors in a comprehensive preventive program to reduce accidents or fatalities, but it seems that intervention in the human factors would be more effective due to their important role in traffic injuries in Iran. Human factors mean pedestrians, passengers and drivers; and psychological, behavioral, social and cultural factors effective on them (2, 6, 7).

Despite the efforts made in the field of traffic injuries in Iran by the three organs of Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Traffic Police and Ministry of Roads and Urban Development, numerous casualties and financial losses in this area are witnessed because of the lack of coherent planning and lack of a health approach to this issue in the country (8). Due to lack of comprehensive studies in the field of measurements on costeffectiveness of performed interventions and the trend of these accidents in the country, it was not possible to evaluate properly the situation of traffic injuries.

Comparative analysis of observed trends of traffic injuries and issues related to the road safety, have attracted the attention of researchers in the recent decades (9, 10). Generally, the projects carried out to investigate the process of a health event such as death, are applicable in the following cases:(11) AComparing the relevant situation with the similar situation in other countries; B- Witnessing the results of efforts made with the aim of reducing or moderating the relevant event; C- Directing the measures to control the relevant event more effectively.

Providing detailed suggestions to modify the meticulous care system of the event; D- Better understanding of the factors influencing the occurrence of deaths caused by relevant accident;

Finally, from the above-mentioned discussion it is inferred that in line with the preventing the burden of such accidents in the country, knowing which intervention is more valuable in the prevention of deaths caused by traffic injuries will direct authorities to a better planning and consequently preventive programs will lead to more efficiency in that area with lower costs.

This study investigated the epidemiological aspects and depict current situation of road traffic injuries in Iran.


This study investigated the all human risk factors for fatal traffic injuries and then the trend of deaths caused by traffic injuries in male drivers were dealt with using time series models in Iran from March 2004 to March 2010. In this study, all persons injured from traffic injuries including motor vehicle drivers with two or more wheels, passengers, pedestrians recorded in mechanized systems of ICT Department of Traffic Police in the Mar 2004 to Mar 2010 were included in whole number in the study and the sampling was not required. …

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