Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Social Economy - Challenges of an Uncertain Future

Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Social Economy - Challenges of an Uncertain Future

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Currently, the social economy has become a key area in Romania from the perspective that there were two waves successive substantial financing initiatives for social economy by SOPHRD (Sectoral Operational Program of Human Resources Development) and from the perspective that was adopted in 2015 a legislative framework clearly delineating the sector in terms of social interventions.

The current state of social development in Romania shows a conceptual clarification endorsed by regulators and implemented by specialists, quantifying and mapping the structures of social economy, an adequate level of research at scientific level we llarticulated and carried out in-depth level, development of training resources in the sector and a multitude of initiatives that have emerged in the last six years. However, without downplay achievements, the level of expectation to value the potential of social economy is high both in the practitioners in the field, and donors aimed at carefully to ensure a sustainable level of functioning structures of social economy.

2. Social Economy - looking for specific interventions and identity in socio-economic plan

The social economy is a field reference in contemporary societies given the growing importance to address in an integrated manner the social inclusion of the persons belonging to vulnerable groups. The Europe 2020 Strategy, approved in March 2010 by the European Council is a new strategy for jobs and growth based on strengthening and better coordinating economic and social policies based on clear objectives established according to the following priorities (COM, 2010) :

· smart growth - "strengthening knowledge and innovation as drivers of our future growth';

· sustainable growth - "promote more resource efficient, greener and a more competitive economy';

· inclusive growth (for the first time this term is used in official documents Europe) - "creating an economy with a high level of employment, ensuring social and territorial cohesion', "empowering people through high employment, investing in increasing the skills, fighting poverty and modernizing labor market, training and social protection, supporting citizens in managing and anticipating change and building an inclusive society".

From the perspective of creating an own identity it is important to emphasize that the social economy is defined by conceptual and practical approaches, which distinguishes sense to define a boundary in this area (Demoustier, D., 2004):

a. as a concept, the social economy was launched in the nineteenth century and was faced with a number of adaptations:

· whether a consolidation of political economy - the production of means of existence beyond the material production, the liberals (as Charles Dunoyer, in 1830, who provided the launch of another author in 1848 - John Stuart Mill) ;

· either as a substitute for the critical political economy (by Christians and socialists such as Auguste Ott, 1851);

· whether to integrate a form of political economy (Proudhon);

· either as a complement to economic trends in which were increasing public savings (Walras 1896; Gide, 1912);

b. as a set of practices and institutions, the social economy was gradually released theories developed by economists, and by the employers' structures, to define gradually through the economic association. Thus, the rediscovery of the social economy in the twentieth century is marked by increased autonomy of collective private organizations in relation to their integration into public intervention as particular forms of noncapitalist companies, in contrast to the mistrust and selectivity imposed by competition and conditional funding.

In a more diversified formula, it is recognizing the social economy sector from the perspective of four components (Nicolaescu et al., 2011, 13 -24): conceptual component (drafting definitions and typologies); normative component (adoption of new legislative initiatives at European and national level); institutional component (the spreading of representative structures that promote, develop and monitor specific policies); academic component (aggregate formation scientific resources, evidence-based). …

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