Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Family Life Satisfaction Scale-Turkish Version: Psychometric Evaluation

Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Family Life Satisfaction Scale-Turkish Version: Psychometric Evaluation

Article excerpt

The diversity of the global population makes cross-culturally validated scales and research tools necessary. Researchers and practitioners must have access to valid, reliable measures that are appropriate to their culture. In the field of the study of families' levels of satisfaction, the Family Life Satisfaction Scale (Barraca, Yarto, & Olea, 2000) is one such reliable tool.

The significance of studying family satisfaction is derived from the need to understand the ways in which feelings and attitudes about one's family emerge in both functional and dysfunctional families (Carver & Jones, 1992). However, there is no research in which the findings have clearly revealed how different aspects of family life affect family life satisfaction. This gap might result from a lack of reliable, valid, and useful assessment instruments to measure individual family members' attitudes and feelings toward family life satisfaction.

Family life satisfaction was first measured in the mid 1970s (Andrews & Withey, 1976; Campbell, Converse, & Rodgers, 1976), and it has been repeatedly measured in different ways since then. Detailed studies have been conducted with specific populations and certain age groups, and in different formats. The Family Satisfaction Scale, developed by Carver and Jones (1992); the Family Satisfaction with End-of-Life Care (FAMCARE) for cancer patients (Kristjanson, 1993); and the Family Satisfaction Scale, developed by Underhill, LoBello, and Fine (2004) for use with survivors of traumatic brain injury, were examined relative to my intention to conduct this study. Each of these scales offers a different approach and has different strengths and weaknesses. As observed in these studies, family satisfaction has typically been measured with a specific group of participants comprising people who were, at the time of the study, patients receiving treatment.

Olson, Sprenkle, and Russell (1979) brought a new approach to the measurement of family satisfaction by developing the 14-item Family Satisfaction Scale (Olson & Wilson, 1982), which was revised by Olson in 2004 as a 10-item instrument that assesses satisfaction with family functioning in terms of cohesion, flexibility, and communication. Consistent evidence of validity and reliability has been reported for this revised scale (Olson, 2004). Another well-known scale used to measure family life satisfaction differently is the Kansas Family Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (McCollum, Schumm, & Russell, 1988; Schumm, McCollum, Bugaighis, Jurich, & Bollman, 1986), in which respondents are asked how satisfied or dissatisfied they are with specific relationships with individual members of their family (spouse, children, parents, siblings) and then respond to a global satisfaction question. In 2013, Zabriskie and Ward developed the Satisfaction With Family Life Scale, in which common expressions for family life satisfaction are addressed through a comparison of family life circumstances with the individual member's standards and expectations.

However, the emphasis in the Family Life Satisfaction Scale (FLSS; Barraca et al., 2000) is family life in its natural environment, that is, at home. The FLSS, with its format of simple, affective adjectives, functions well, partly because respondents find it easy to complete. Thus, the FLSS is a practical instrument, particularly for researchers who are interested in measuring the affective component of family satisfaction. This scale has already been adapted and administered in two different cultures: a Portuguese population of families with children in the fourth grade (Nave, de Jesús, Mairal, & Parreira, 2007), and a Mexican population of children and adolescents (Tercero Quintanilia et al., 2013). These prior researchers confirmed the scale's validity and reliability and provided evidence for retaining its original unidimensional factor structure.

In Turkey, several studies have been conducted in which researchers have investigated family counseling and family training but, to my knowledge, nobody had examined family life satisfaction and there was no assessment instrument for doing so in the cultural context of Turkey. …

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