Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Ethical Usage of Internet Facility by Students of Information Science at Jimma University

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Ethical Usage of Internet Facility by Students of Information Science at Jimma University

Article excerpt

Introduction

The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite to link several billion devices worldwide. It is an international network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government packet switched networks, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies (Wikipedia, 2014). Leiner, etal (2009) writing the history of internet suggested that it has revolutionized the computer and communications world like anything as never before. They further said that the Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location. The burning issue is the ethics that is needed to be included in the section of internet usage when allowed to accessing. In this coherence of notion, ethics is moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity (Oxford, 2014). On one of the research guidelines of the marketing research association indicated that even if rapid growth of the Internet has opened dramatic new opportunities for collecting and disseminating research information worldwide. A number of ethical and technical issues must be addressed if the Internet is to be used effectively and responsibly for different purposes (Marketing Research Association (MRA), 2000). The association further put the ideas forward and supposed that the fact that the Internet is inexpensive to use and difficult to regulate means that it can be open to misuse by less experienced or less scrupulous organizations. There have been different legitimate and illegitimate ethical usages of internet facility.

Statement of the Problem

There are many ethical issues that need to be addressed in the process of internet usage. As widely known, it is clear to have a website management policy at a University level which provides different internet facilities (E-mail, social networks and others) in which to control any unauthorized access to the facility of the internet for the campuses. So the University may have the management principles integral with the policy. So Jimma University (JU) has different kinds of colleges social and natural science, institute of technology, school of law and governance and many others. Under the natural science, the department of Information science exists and provides computer and other specific field laboratory services.

Cybercrimes and cyber-vandalism, which are one of internet worry, can potentially affect anyone using the Internet and anybody who seeks to learn through the help of internet facility (Kizza, 2001). According to Whittier (2006), even if cyber ethics are the "brakes" of respect and responsibility on the "accelerator" of curious minds wanting to find, see, hear, and know, it always creates a behavioral and perceptional change among students who are seeking to educate themselves through internet and find something entertaining. Computer- assisted education raises ethical concerns about the adequacy and appropriateness of methodological ways of interventions in the learning and teaching process to interrupt and corrupt suddenly. For example text, audio, and video communication of social- emotional information was significantly affected depending on the students' deflected perceptional usage of internet facility for the purpose of educational matters (Maheu & Gordon, 2000). Academic dishonesty because of internet ethics is an important issue across colleges and universities of different countries where significant numbers of students, through their internet facility usage, admit to some type of academic fraud and academic integrity is not an issue. It is always a question when using copyrighted material online which usually puts in legal and ethical dilemmas of the internet usage to consider (Wilczenski & Coomey, 2006). …

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