Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

Proliferation of Text Messaging and Its Effects on Language

Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

Proliferation of Text Messaging and Its Effects on Language

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Text messaging has indeed rapidly paved its way in our modem world for brisk communication and effective expression. In the present age, we do not even feel any need for capitalization. We rather ignore punctuation entirely. We no more use the classic sentence structure that is otherwise necessary to be incorporated in statements in order to make them standardized. According to the opinion of Mphahlele and Mashamaite (2005), in every field of life, may it be social, economic, business, mass communication, etc., SMS language is frequently used. This form of writing style seems to be an easy means of communication for teenagers. That is why some linguists and educators are afraid that too much incorporation or use of texting is negatively affecting the abilities to use spelling and grammar correctly and effectively. Others, however, do not consider this notion to be a threat rather they take pride in what teenagers are doing with the language. They are not worried as youngsters are creating their own innovative style of writing in the new century.

Despite the fact that the students know the difference between formal and informal writing and they use them correctly up to a great extent, yet sometimes text messaging affects by blurring the difference between formal and informal style. It is a human psyche that if one does a lot of practice of anything he will eventually adopt a tendency towards it.

Baron (2008) says that SMS language is teaching innovative use of letters and punctuation. With other advantages, it is also producing sound or phonetic awareness among the users. Coupland (2000) is sharing almost the same opinion by saying that as the young users of mobile phones mix different practices with innovative linguistics style, it is in no way harming language competence.

Thus it is an exaggeration to say that texting is affecting the language negatively. Others' opinion is different on many grounds as they consider that the proliferation of text messaging is leading and enforcing students towards undisciplined and sloppy habits that affect the standard language immensely. The words are reduced to abbreviations and the phrases are becoming acronyms. As a result, this phenomenon is spilling into writing resulting into a sound danger for language.

The proposed study will investigate the truth of different views of the linguists about effects of texting on language. Furthermore, it will investigate the reality of skeptics' views that texting is devoid of richness of language as it gives limited vocabulary to express viewpoints to individuals. With that this study will investigate, whether in school while writing 'texters' experience any sort of difficulty in expressing themselves or not.

1.1 Objectives

Objectives of the current research project were:

1. To gather the data to see appearance of texting in formal writing of the students.

2. The possible effects of texting on formal language by studying and analyzing the contents of the students of different sampling groups.

3. To get the idea about the impacts of text messaging on the formal writing of the students in Pakistan where English is a second language, not a native one.

4. To investigate the problem related to spelling, punctuation and grammar of language on account of short messaging.

1.2 Research Questions

Following questions were taken into account while carrying out this research project

1. Is texting harming or improving students' literacy?

2. Are spelling and punctuation the areas more affected than other areas of standard writing?

3. Can students keep the formal and informal writing separate?

4. What are the harms of text messaging on formal writing in views of students and teachers?

1.3 Hypotheses

Hypotheses for the proposed research work are as under:

1. If the students adopt the habits of frequent texting, their formal writing will be affected by it negatively. …

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