Academic journal article Global Economic Observer

EU International Cooperation in the Field of Research, Development and Innovation

Academic journal article Global Economic Observer

EU International Cooperation in the Field of Research, Development and Innovation

Article excerpt

1 Introduction

There is general consensus in the world today on the major economic challenges facing humanity and how they must be solved with the help of scientific research. EU is opened to a more intensive international cooperation in RDI, because on one hand these problems are common to all countries in the world and the collaboration in scientific research is the best solution for avoiding overlaps or duplication, and on the other hand, the movement of information in Internet era is much easier and quicker, helping to tackle instantly the major challenges of the present world.

The European Union is currently one of the two major knowledge centre at global level (together with the US), carrying out almost a third of the scientific and technological production. Furthermore, while cumulating only 7% of the world population, EU achieves 24% of overall investment in research, 32% of high impact scientific publications and 32% of patent applications (EU Delegation in China, 2015).

In European Union, the program "Horizon 2020" or simply H 2020 (EC 2015-1) is the ever largest research program. It will run from 2014 to 2020, with a budget of almost 80 billion euro. The program envisages "big challenges" facing the mankind, in general, and therefore the EU. Both the precedent 7th Framework Programme (EC 2015-2), and H 2020 envisaged international cooperation activities with other countries, developed or emerging (such as the BRICS countries, those associated with or included in policy of close neighbourhood). Also, there are other programs open to international participation, in terms of joint financing and scientist participation from third countries.

The main objectives of the analysis point to the identification of contractual coordinates and the fields of interest for RDI international cooperation of EU and Member States, the situation in the last 7-8 years, the already visible or expected impact of cooperation activities already deployed and the future prospects. Romania is less integrated in RDI legal cooperation actions with other countries outside the Union, but there are some preoccupations with this situation. The author presents the conclusions and the proposals regarding the Romania's increased participation in RDI cooperation with countries like China, India or Brazil. The data used in the undertaken analysis come mainly from the European Commission (studies, analyzes, policy documents) but also from countries with which the EU carries out R&D collaboration.

The purpose of this paper is to better understand the activity of RDI sector from EU, to identify areas of interest for our country and to discern the future integration opportunities.

2 The major challenges of the contemporary world that EU international cooperation is working to meet

In the table 1 one can see the major challenges in the field of RDI that EU international cooperation is trying to approach and which are found in Horizon 2020.

In the table 2 one may find the main priority research areas from the EU and the third countries with which EU maintains close relations of cooperation, with the mention that these topics cannot be studied by all countries (such as food security or inclusive society carried out by US or safe society studied only by the EU of the four entities), but one may also find issues where collaboration could bring better results.

Under the program H 2020 international cooperation generally follows the strategic collaborations lines from the Framework Programme 7 (FP 7) with EFTA countries and the countries included in the EU Neighbourhood Policy, based on a selection process having as guiding mark the professional merits. The EU provides funding to the states whose research power can fill the gaps of the Community research, with allocations coming prevalently to entities that can contribute to the EU societal changes and industry challenges.

European Research Council (ERC 2015-1), an institution founded in February 2007 by the European Commission, whose role is to manage the Specific Programme "Ideas" of the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Development, which continues in the current Program Horizon 2020. …

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