Academic journal article Global Media Journal

Intercultural Adaptation of Students in the Information Field of Cross-Cultural Interaction

Academic journal article Global Media Journal

Intercultural Adaptation of Students in the Information Field of Cross-Cultural Interaction

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

Under today's circumstances, when foreign economic relations tend to strengthen and develop, international educational programs are implemented within the framework of international cooperation and in accordance with the Bologna Declaration, adaptation of students in foreign cultural environment remains an actual problem. Having a global scale, the pedagogical scientific vision of this phenomenon involves finding a variety of mechanisms to facilitate the alignment of the relations between the present and the future, creating flexibility and tolerance for different cultures, developing strategies for the use of linguistic resources in specific speech situations of intercultural communication, as well as establishing dynamic relationships in the system of personality - the surrounding reality.

The successful formation of a person depends on the ability to adequately self-assess and appraise their activities. To work successfully in constantly changing conjunctures, it is not sufficient just to have acquired knowledge and skills to suit better the requirements of modern society; there is an urgent need to update education systematically. The process of reflection is uninterrupted, and for some, the natural consequence of their practical work that requires more and more knowledge leads to the renewal and enrichment of their professional education.

That is why today we are talking more not about qualified but competent specialists who are ready, and that's very important, are able to maintain their professionalism at a high efficiency, promptly, and adequately while flexibly replenishing emerging gaps, including means of the international educational contacts in a cross-cultural interaction.

It is so logical that the process of training in high school now is based on more independent, close to the research activities of the student, and the main focus becomes the development of a whole range of competencies. Considerable importance is attached to the development of the student's ability to quickly adapt to the changing conditions of the surrounding reality in the social, psychological, cultural and educational aspects, building up their needs in accordance with constantly updated requirements for competitive specialists. Cross-cultural adaptation is becoming a key to the successful achievement of these requirements because it gives ample opportunity for self-development, and cognitive, speech, and mental activity growth, in addition to allowing the maintenance of psychological health and emotive stability in cross-cultural interaction. At the same time, the information field that has no cultural and geographical boundaries is both a means of developing and actualizing intercultural adaptation, representing a global dynamic exchange channel of knowledge, experiences, ideas and strategies for solving different problematic situations in a multicultural identity.

Methods

For the purposes of this study, theoretical and empirical pedagogical methods have been used.

Because of the complexity, ambiguity and the lack of an optimal unified definition of the phenomenon of "cross-cultural adaptation", a content analysis of the sociological, philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature on the issue has been conducted. This has allowed structuring of the revealed relationships and interconnections of the process of students' adaptation, and determining its functional dependence and causality in the theory of education. In addition, a comparative analysis has been applied, along with the ranking and generalization of the detected theoretical positions and concepts for further synthesis of a holistic notion of "intercultural adaptation" in the information field of cross-cultural interaction.

The study has involved bachelors enrolled in the various areas of training: economic, engineering, architecture and construction, transport, aerospace. …

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