Academic journal article International Management Review

How to Improve Community Resident Autonomous Learning Based on Virtual Learning

Academic journal article International Management Review

How to Improve Community Resident Autonomous Learning Based on Virtual Learning

Article excerpt

John Dewey, in his book Democracy and Education, introduced the idea of "learning community" in teaching. He thought that learning was getting knowledge and abilities by interactive activities of mind and emotion among learners and that a person's learning can't be separated from interaction with environments. With the rapid development of mobile internet technology and smart terminals, people's ways of studying were greatly changed; there are more channels to receive information, and studying time is becoming more and more fragmented. People studying more rely on networks and more and more people use virtual studying platforms, such as MOOC (Massive Open Online Courses), WeChat, QQ, Weblog and so forth, go to virtual learning communities to learn (Li & Xue, 2015).

Communities are basic units of societies, and people collect in some regional spaces. People residing in communities are called community residents. People in modern life, from growing to developing, depend on communities and are restricted by the community environment. In all developing phases of life, people will receive all kinds of education, including not only school education but also society education, but also formal education and informal education.

Virtual learning is one important means of lifelong learning for community residents in modern society. It is one kind of online learning. The network platform is its interactive interface. Within it, learning groups, interactive environments, and existing relations constitute a virtual learning community. Learning groups in internet communicates exchange and share all varieties of learning resources. A learning community comprises remote school education, which includes college network education with records of formal schooling, college network open courses, all sorts of network schools, online learning websites, weblogs, BBSs (Bulletin Board System), and so forth. The Harvard University Internet open courses, Tencent QQ forum, Baidu post bar, Sina Blog, Tencent WeChat and MOOC Cloud classrooms provide shared platforms of knowledge. In recent years, massive online open courses have become fashionable in the world. Virtual learning breaks the restrictions of time and space, helps people construct shared information resources in greater ranges, promotes human culture propagation and civilization communication, and powerfully drives social development.

The United States and other developed nations, in the 1970s, proposed the concept of autonomous learning. In the 1990s, American scholar B.J. Zimmerman synthesized opinions of all kinds of school thoughts and greatly developed autonomous learning theory (Chen, 2013). Autonomous learning is one kind of modern learning means besides traditional reception learning. In this learning method, learners are the principle part of learning and realize learning objectives by learners' independent analysis, searching, practice, query, and creation. According to different taxonomies, there are several sorts of modern community resident autonomous learning. By content, community resident autonomous learning can fall into classifications of education background, technical ability, relaxation, and entertainment. By form, it can be individual or collaborative. By function, it can be formal or informal. By studying media, it can be online or offline. Online learning is one important method for community residents.

In this paper, we organize the content as follows. In Section 2, we will analyze the current situation and existing problems of community resident virtual learning. In Section 3, community resident virtual learning autonomy training strategy will be put forward. Finally, the conclusion will be given.

Current Situation and Existing Problems of Community Resident Virtual Learning

We have come into the times of lifelong learning. Community resident learning is the core content of lifelong education. However, the complexity of community residents easily make community education only in form. …

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