Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Comunicativity and Text Interpretation

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Comunicativity and Text Interpretation

Article excerpt

"Any language represents the mirror of the nation's soul..... and The Language is our fortress" - I. Pillât and Kosztolányi Dezsö. The well-known French professor Claude Hagège states that "The Europe of languages has its own destiny and should not be inspired by foreign examples. Europe is original due to its huge diversity of languages and cultures that it reflects. The European lives in multilingualism. He has to teach his children taking into account the variety of languages. This is the call of the past and of the future in Europe" - emphasizes the well-known French linguist (Zolnai, 1964).

Every European has to learn to communicate in as many languages as possible, says the professor, starting from the languages of the neighbors, so that it offers a subject to the idea of the continent's solidarity and, at the same time, to offer a model of understanding the world's diversity in its whole. The citizens who know more than one language can more easily benefit from the different European opportunities, such as the educational ones, that are offered by an integrated Europe (Buda & László, 1981).

The language of a nation is continually changing, developing and transforming and communication and text interpretation has to comply with this situation. "The fact that my mother tongue is the language in which I speak, think or write..... is most important aspect in each of our lives".... according to the Hungarian poet Kosztolányi Dezsö (Vigh, 1981).

"Mother tongues in a multilingual approach represent essential components of education and quality development, which represents the fundament for the emancipation of their societies" says Irina Bokova, CEO of UNESCO (Wacha, 1973).

Languages represent the most important means of communication, conservation and development of the world's material and immaterial patrimony. An efficient communication in the mother tongue will play a major role both in encouraging diversity and multilingual education and in developing a full awareness of the linguistic and cultural traditions of the whole world (Deme, 1978).

According to specialists, it is estimated that, if people don't act in this regard, half of the 6000 spoken languages today will become extinct by the end of this century. Alongside the extinction of the languages and of unwritten documents, mankind will lose not only a cultural wealth, but also important millenary knowledge embedded in the indigenous languages (Berger, 1990). Mother tongue and culture are essential components in the process of defining a nation. The feature of the mother tongue, as well as its use as a means of communication, contributes to the conservation and perpetuation of each nation's identity. There are customs and traditions which are kept and forwarded, but the mother tongue can very easily be lost if it is not learned and if people don't communicate using it (Bacs6,1997).

Each language has a number of variants and constantly undergoes a changing process.

Talking about the audio-visual media, television can deliver information without text, just by using the language of the images, whereas in radio, the auditory effect produces satisfaction. The hue, rhythm, intonation, and the articulation of the sound are part of the given information and have a significant role in communication, ie the transmission of information (Csáky, 1992).

Every healthy individual can talk, but in order to express himself in various situations, to understand the hue, rhythm or intonation of a text, he has to have a certain training, to be a specialist (Fischer, 1975).

Speaking in public has some precise rules: how much from the text should the interpreter/ presenter assimilate - which option is better: if he assimilates the whole text or if he stays away from it? Can he master his nervousness, or because of it he breathes faster and the rhythm of his voice becomes more alert; does the raise his voice or speaks louder? What is the role of the logical and emotive intonation? …

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