Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Peculiarities and Interferences of the Dunarea De Jos Literature

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Peculiarities and Interferences of the Dunarea De Jos Literature

Article excerpt

An analysis - such as the present one - devoted to the amplitude, specificity and interferences of the literary phenomenon manifested within a geographical area of maximum visibility over the whole Romanian area may be viewed as equally venturesome and necessary, if considering both its complexity and relevance as part of a more vast attempt at realizing the paradigm of Romanian literature evolution in latest decades. Mention should be made from the very beginning that study of the literature of Dunärea de Jos appears as a priority at local level, not from strictly epistemological considerations, but in relation with the ample, dynamic, unforseeable, yet significant progress recorded in the literary creation of the Galati zone in the first quarter of the XXIth century, in close correlation, obviously, both with the local, rich and of large national resonance tradition, and with the ever generous perspectives that may be anticipated.

In general terms, the literature of Dunärea de Jos might be assumed at macro-zonal level, which means consideration, in the present analysis, of the neighbouring town of Bräila, a most specific area, which gave great names in the field, such as those of Panait Istrati, Nae Ionescu, Mihail Sebastian, Fänus Neagu, as well as of the small towns of Tulcea and especially Sulina, made famous by Jean Bart, who, due to the years spent in Galati, is now claimed as part of the local literature. In an even larger perspective appreciates the situation the literary historian and critic Viorel Coman of Bräila, who, in a vast study(Coman'2011), analyzes an even more extended space, including the famous Bärägan, considering the literature written in these regions as part of a Balkanic literary canon, comprising not less than ten countries and comparing it, at least as to its potential, to the Latin-American one. However, our study will refer strictly to the spatiality circumscribed to the town and county of Galati, considered first of all as the scene of some dynamic events of special importance for both the local history and the whole Romania and Romanian spirituality.

The regions of Galati, or of Covurluiului, as it was called in the old administrative organization, were soon to be imposed in the modern epoch, first of all by the busy economic and social-political life, due to the privileged position of maritime harbour on the Danube, at the border between the two Romanian Principalities, which conferred to them a special statute, not only at national level after the Union of 1859, but also at European and international level, due to the interest manifested by the great powers in fluvial navigation, which assured connections, through the Black Sea, with the whole world. With the creation of the Danube European Commission, with its headquarters at Galati, the town became a sort of European capital, the most representative countries of the continent and of the world opening here consulates of their own, thus placing the town on the strategic map of the great commercial and cultural initiatives.

Quite naturally, the economic boom (as, in parallels with the development of the harbour, several industries of national importance were transferred here, firstly naval constructions and metallurgy) was gradually accompanied by extended flourishing at all levels of the suprastructure, spiritual life, theater, music, plastic arts, press and literature. In this way, Galati becomes a cosmopolite town, a free métropole, once having obtained the Porto Franco status, with real opening towards the Occident and with a remarkable cultural life, within which literature occupied a well-defined position. Synthetically, this is the socio-economic context in which this literature flourished and, even if not having attained the high artistic level of the great university centers, such as Iasi, Cluj, Timiçoara, Bucureçti, it was recognized by its consistency, variety and, last but not least, performance and national relevance. …

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