Academic journal article Military Review

The Savage Wars of Peace: Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations

Academic journal article Military Review

The Savage Wars of Peace: Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations

Article excerpt

THE SAVAGE WARS OF PEACE: Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations edited by John T. Fishel. 244 pages. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. 1997. $69.00.

Arguably the greatest dialogue within the US Armed Forces since 1989 involves the search for a theory of peace operations. Peace operations occur far more frequently in American military history than combat operations. What the military lacks, however, is a theoretical concept that explains the peace operations phenomenon. In The Savage Wars of Peace, John T. Fishel and other informed political scientists and historians frame and test such a concept.

The book introduces and explains the Max Manwaring Paradigm. Colonel Manwaring served as deputy director of the Small Wars Operations Research Directorate (SWORD) within the US Southern Command (SOUTHCOM). While in that capacity, he developed his paradigm, which is also called the SWORD model.

Manwaring used an analytical technique to identify 72 variables common to peace operations. Those variables are categorized into seven dimensions: Unity of Effort, HostGovernment Legitimacy, Degree of Outside Support to Insurgents, Supporting Actions of Intervening Power, Military Actions of Intervening Power, Host-Government Military Actions and Actions versus Subversion. …

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