Academic journal article Researchers World

Learning Media Using Wayang Wong to Introduce Local Wisdom of Javanese Culture for the Students of Indonesian Language for Foreign Learners

Academic journal article Researchers World

Learning Media Using Wayang Wong to Introduce Local Wisdom of Javanese Culture for the Students of Indonesian Language for Foreign Learners

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION:

The students of "Indonesia language for foreign learners department' is the students from various countries who learn about Indonesia language at various universities in Indonesia, especially in Sebelas Maret University. The implementation of BIPA (Bahasa Indonesia untuk Pembelajar Asing) Program is held when there is the emergence of free trade. With MEA (Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean) BIPA grows and progress as stated in UU No. 24 Tahun 2009. UU No 24 tahun 2009 pasal 44 states that : "(1) the government improves the function of Indonesia language as an international language step by step, systematic and continuity; (2) raising the function of Indonesia language as an international language as in verse 1 which is coordinated by language institute; (3) the certainty continue about raising the function of Indonesia language to be an international language as in verse 1 that is arranged in Government's Rules" (UU No 24 tahun 2009 about flag, language, dan the symbol of a country, and the antheme of nationality).

Based on UU No 24 Tahun 2009, Indonesian language has a very important function and position in Asia economy regulation. A free trade that there is no partition transnational causes many countries want to study Indonesia language more intensively. In other purpose for MEA, many countries want to study Indonesia language because they want to get various studies of science, technology, and art through their study in Indonesia. Some classes of BIPA in various universities organize academic classes which addressed for them who study about Indonesia language to take the continuity of the study (S1, S2, or S3 in Indonesia). As Imam Suyitno (2007) states that the purpose of learning BIPA has a tight connection with a problem to fulfill needs. Suyitno (2007) continued that there are 3 needs which push someone to study language such as (1) job, (2) need of technical trainning program, and (3)need to learn. The threegoals that each can still be expanded again into several special-purpose, for example, to follow the lectures at universities in Indonesia,it is needed to have Indonesia language competency in accordance with the field of science that is followed (social science, engineering science, economics, and so on). Similarly, for the purposes of the research,it depends on what areas will be examined. To learn the oral Indonesian language for communication purposeswiththe society in Indonesia, it is required also setting aside, for example, formal or informal communications.

BIPA learning activities, in addition to four language skills, it is also used to understand the culture of the second language community. As a bilingual speaker, the students of BIPA at once also become bilingual bicultural, i.e. the second language speakers who learn the second language also learnthe culture from the native speakers. So, in learning BIPA, beside learning 4 language skills, it is also important to introduce the background of the native speakers' local wisdom.

The cultural background of learning BIPA in this article is in Surakarta city. Surakarta is one of the cities in Java, Indonesia which becomes a center of Javanese culture. Javanese culture according to Franz MagnisSuseno (2005:12) is a portrayof Javanese that includes will, goals, ideas, and encouragement in achieving prosperity, and safety. In this case, there are values, thoughts, local wisdom which are supported and has become a foundation of Javanese. A Java man himself, according to Magnis-Suseno, is a person who is a native people of the Central and East Java. There are areas called Kejawen (inland) which includes the Banyumas, Kedu, Jogjakarta, Surakarta, Malang, Madiun, and Kediri. The outside area is called the coast and the far East. The center of Javanese cultural is the 2 areas of the former Kingdom of Mataram, i.e. Surakarta and Yogyakarta. As a center of Javanese culture, Surakarta has many types of culture, such as wayang wong (people). …

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