Academic journal article Perspectives in Public Health

Coronary Heart Disease Is Decreasing in the United States

Academic journal article Perspectives in Public Health

Coronary Heart Disease Is Decreasing in the United States

Article excerpt

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death in the United States and was a growing concern for many years. However, in a recent study of over 21,000 adults over a period of 12 years, it has been found that rates of CHD are actually now significantly decreasing in the United States, with 8.0% of the over 40s population in the United States with CHD in 2011-2012 compared to 10.3% in 2001-2002.

CHD encompasses angina and myocardial infarction and related conditions of the coronary arteries and is largely attributable to treatable risk factors. The reduction in CHD was seen mainly among people without established CHD risk factors, indicating that the reduction is most likely due to treatable factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, diabetes, obesity and overweight.

Over the period of the study, the prevalence of smoking saw a significant decrease. The prevalence of high blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol has remained relatively unchanged over the last 12 years, although control rates for these individuals have significantly improved, owing to decreased morbidity and mortality of CHD. …

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