Academic journal article Techno Learn

Effect of Persistence on Academic Performance of Socially Advantaged and Disadvantaged Secondary Students

Academic journal article Techno Learn

Effect of Persistence on Academic Performance of Socially Advantaged and Disadvantaged Secondary Students

Article excerpt

The concept of social disadvantage is a broad concept. Instead of merit and ability, in the brave new world of education revolution, those students considered disadvantaged will be placed at the head of the queue for tertiary entry. Children of disadvantaged groups have been neglected for a long period in our country. Bernstein (1960), first used the term socially disadvantaged to cover a large group of factors, for handicapped children in schools, keeping them away from fully using their potentialities, and who have parents of low educational level. Generally the whole world may be divided into two broad classes- rich and poor, privileged and under privileged, higher and lower classes, socially advantaged and disadvantaged, culturally deprieved and non-deprieved, higher and lower achiever etc. one may use any term.

Children of disadvantaged groups have been neglected for a long period in our country. They are still deprieved of many facilities which are provided to common man. It is the major duty of the nation to look after their interests and fulfill their needs. It is through education alone that changes in the life of disadvantaged groups can be brought out. In the field of education, facilities are being provided to disadvantaged students, but the help rendered to them has not proved much beneficial and results have not been encouraging since the government programme designed to uplift the disadvantaged involved larger outlays of expenditure and call for more funds. It is essential to have factual assessment of the situation and the investment which have to yield more returns.

The concept of social disadvantage is a broad concept. Bernstein (1960), first used the term socially disadvantaged to cover a large group of factors, for handicapped children in schools, keeping them away from fully using their potentialities, and who have parents of low educational level. Keach et al. (1967) has stated the socially disadvantaged child is the product of disorganized multi problem with a family environment that militates against the child's capacity and willingness to learn. Kalusmeer and Ripple (1971) have opined that the poor home, unresponsive schools along with low socio-economic status, impoverished neighborhood conditions are major environmental contributors to development of social disadvantage child. The socio-genic factors are outside the child in the socio-economic conditions, in the political power structure, and in the cultural values.

In the educational process, academic performance is of paramount significance. In present-day society, individual performance largely leads to status and power rather than the ascribed qualities. In the formal system of education, academic performance at school or in college provides possibilities of access to power positions. The formal education system has its own hierarchy based on academic performance. There are various correlates of academic performance, like personality, socioeconomic status, backwardness and failure and many others.

Persistence is an important individual social motivation, which is also related to the achievement motivation. Today each and every individual who is ambitious in some or other form aims at reaching a definite goal in performance and in doing so, he sets a desire for distinction which has an inner structure known as 'persistence'. It is therefore a form of self motivation involving competition with one's own past performance. When an individual is actively involved in a task, he himself sets a new standard or goal to achieve. He tries to gain excellence and attempts to do better then he did before.

The term persistence has been used to refer to subjects momentary goals as revealed by their remarks about successes and failure and their modes of attack on the problems assigned them. Hoppe (1930) represents persistence as a person's expectations, goals, claims or his future achievement in a given task. He further stresses that the "experiences of performance" as a success of failure does not depend upon its objective goodness alone but also on the persistence reached. …

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