Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Sports Performance: A Reflection on the Start-Up and the Development of Brazilian Soccer Players

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Sports Performance: A Reflection on the Start-Up and the Development of Brazilian Soccer Players

Article excerpt

Introduction

In the life formation of soccer players, should highlight the dream and the reality of vocational training. Thus, the training of soccer player is a process of learning, theoretical and practical discipline in which, apart from talent, everything is taught and enhanced through training. It is the basic divisions of professional clubs that is the teaching/ learning of the soccer player in this mode and hence its professionalization (Rodrigues, 2004). In its initiation and specialization the future of soccer athlete receives professional training, which is disciplining product, training and development of their genetic capabilities. For this, it is necessary to attend specialized schools for the improvement of soccer techniques.

Brazilian's soccer players are born not done. They are made in specialized institutions (Rodrigues, 2004) and from childhood is linked to the cultural significance of the practice (Cavichiolli et al., 2011). This Brazilian soccer talent selection process is structured, controlled and managed according to the marketing objectives that involve the formation of these players, as a product to be absorbed by the market (Paoli et al., 2010). Therefore, according to Hirota et al. (2013) motivation in the sports context is necessary for learning and improvement of technical, tactical and physical performance of the player, and the pursuit of self-overcome.

Consequently, the aim of this study was to examine the perception of youth on emotional with emphasis on motivational aspects and their relations in participation in soccer, in a team that pursues sport performance.

Method

The sample consisted of convenience and made up of male children and adolescents (N = 30, age average 12.03 ± 1.94 years to 16.12% coefficient of variation), belonging to a soccer team from the City of Säo José do Rio Preto, Säo Paulo, Brazil. This team collaborates with several professional soccer clubs, with the main objective of promoting the selection process in all grassroots soccer levels. The systematization of the work was carried out with daily training, friendly matches, championships and team championships for the dispute of the Federation and League Rio pretense Soccer. Athletes were pre-evaluated by clinical and physical ability tests, technical skill and in relation to tactical understanding.

The protocol was approved by the Research Ethics Committee in accordance with the report number 237.707/2013. Preceding data collection was requested permission to develop the research, by the responsible professional participant location and presented the objectives and methodology to be used during the study. The researcher collected data and in contact with the participants; they were informed about the conditions for entry in the search. The criteria for children and adolescents participate in the research, was the return of the Post-Informed Consent form signed by their parents. Children and adolescents, that met the criteria for participation in the research, were interviewed "in loco" and asked to answer the questionnaire.

The interviews were conducted by drawing up and applying a questionnaire with closed questions for children and adolescents, which was related: the sentiments expressed regarding victory and defeat; Motivation to soccer practice and importance attached to sports and competitive games. Data were organized into charts to facilitate presentation, providing a better understanding of your items with descriptive analysis of the frequency of occurrence absolute and relative of the responses.

Results and Discussion

It was observed that children and adolescents enjoy the activities that are offered to them during training. Most of the respondents opined in this research was that "yes, they are important" (90%) consider the proposed activities in training are "important", only (10%) believe that such activities provide pleasure. In most cases, children and adolescents engage with training systems considering important, however, these were often made mandatory manner, thereby restricting the instinctive need for pleasure was manifested by playful practice. …

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