Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Match and Game Performance Structure Variables in Elite and Youth International Badminton Players

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Match and Game Performance Structure Variables in Elite and Youth International Badminton Players

Article excerpt


Research and scientific analysis of the performance outcome in racket sports have been increased in the latest decades. This is largely due to racket sports becoming more commercialized with many more people starting to play and watch the racket sports competitions. Hence among the purposes of the performance analysis related research, one is to help improving the players' skills and performance efficiency during the match. Eventually, the game becomes more interesting and attracts more people to watch it.

Notational analysis is an objective way of feedback in which performance is recorded so that the key elements of it can be analyzed in a valid and consistent manner (Hughes and Franks, 2008). Hughes (1998) had defined the application of notation analysis into 5 different areas which are tactical evaluation, technical evaluation, study of movement, development of a database and modelling and for the educational use with both coaches and players.

Tactical evaluation, technical evaluation and analysis of movement were within the main focus of this study. Apart from the aforesaid areas, notational analysis links to the physical fitness domain opening up an option of improving the game essential physical fitness structure and variables in order to improve the performance outcome (Krasilshchikov, 2014).

Analysis of the research available on the matter however reveals that performance analysis is typically targeting more of the elite players (Leuciuc, 2010), whereas research involving their upcoming junior counterparts is very limited (Loh & Krasilshchikov, 2015; Clemente et al., 2012).

Interestingly though, in the history of BWF World Junior Championship men singles event, only 3 out of 15 players eventually managed to win the BWF World Championship men singles. Lin Dan, one of the best badminton players in the men singles event has never won the World Junior Championship but had managed to win 5 times in BWF World Championship men singles. This shows that the game structure in elite level and junior level might have some important differences.

Therefore, notational analysis is important to apply to the sport of badminton at various levels of performance. With the results from the notational analysis, and notational analysis related research, coaches can help the players to progress smoothly from junior category to the open category of the game.

The main objective of the study was to determine and quantify the game structure of men's single badminton players in Elite Level (EL) and Youth under 19 years of age (U-19) International categories.

Materials and methods


Video recordings of the matches in BWF International events were collected throughout the year 2014 from the video library of the Performance Analysis Unit, National Sports Institute of Malaysia. Only the matches from semi-finals and finals were chosen for further analysis because the level of playing in the closing stage was assumed similar. Video recordings of the total of 14 matches were collected with total 34 games eventually analysed. The games were inclusive of Elite Level and Youth International level players. The study was delimited to only male badminton players.

The matches were analyzed post-event using video recordings. This was due to the speed of live match play being too fast to gather all relevant details. The analyses were performed in slow motion, at half speed by the researcher (a badminton player himself) and an experienced full-time badminton coach of a National standard.

All the subjects were aware of being video recorded and familiar to being observed; hence no written consent from the subjects was necessary. The research protocol was approved by the Universiti Sains Malaysia Human Research Ethics Committee (JEPeM).


Analyses of all the games were done using Elite Sport Analysis-FOCUS-X2 PRO software in the postmatch mode. The software allows the users to view the video and also record the "events"(actions) that they are interested in by using the 'Category Set' facility in the software. …

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