Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Educational Technology for Teaching Survival Skills to Pilots Using Training Routines

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Educational Technology for Teaching Survival Skills to Pilots Using Training Routines

Article excerpt

Introduction

Current trends in the development of survival readiness among pilots indicate that a high level of professional competence can be achieved only in the course of professional activities. A possibly even better strategy is to «identify, then build on and develop» physical and other characteristics required for survival [2,4,6,8,9]. The point to be emphasised is that survival readiness development is an integral part of a pilot's professional military training at the start of which they feature various, distinctly individual nervous system properties, psychophysiological characteristics, physical fitness and performance levels [8,9,11]. This all means that pilot survival training must entail stagewise physical conditioning.

Survival training aimed at pilots mostly focuses on developing their psychological and physical readiness to survive on their own under extreme conditions and improving their ability to employ various survival and combat skills in different climate zones and geographical locations and to use personal safety equipment and sustenance kits in the most efficient way. Experience, however, shows that there are some major deficiencies in how the physical aspect of pilot survival training is organized and executed, which results in lower levels of stamina and strength endurance, strength, resolve, courage, perseverance, tenacity and other physical, moral and volitional traits necessary for survival. Recent research attests to a high efficiency of training routines for enhancing the levels of emergency readiness among military and law enforcement personnel [1,3,5,7,8,9,10].

A literature review discovered no scientifically valid technology for using training routines as part of the physical aspect of pilot survival conditioning. To date, almost no research has attempted to reveal the factors determining a high efficiency of employing training routines as part of the physical aspect of pilot survival conditioning. Also, the optimum pedagogical conditions necessary for using training routines as part of the physical aspect of pilot survival conditioning are yet to be established in a scientifically credible manner.

Thus, the current research is relevant due to:

- firstly, an increasing role of physical training in the development of survival skills among pilots;

- secondly, great importance of survival skills for pilots in active service;

- thirdly, an urgent need for substantial efficiency improvements in the process of pilot survival training.

Materials and methods

A thematic review of pedagogical literature on the organization of physical training made it possible to identify the most common forms and methods of developing an educational technology for teaching survival skills to pilots by using training routines [2,6,10]. Taken together, these forms and methods can help optimize the physical training process on the basis of the following techniques:

1) employing an integrated approach to designing and planning training tasks;

2) specifying the tasks of all the types of physical training with regard to the specific aspects of professional military activities engaged in by pilots in a survival situation;

3) choosing the optimal training components;

4) choosing adequate training methods and corresponding organizational forms and means instrumental in tackling the issues related to improving the levels of fitness and performance displayed by pilots;

5) implementing personalized and differentiated approaches to training;

6) establishing psychological and learning environments that, with the help of training routines, will facilitate pilots in upgrading their performance levels.

It was also taken into account that the substantiation of an educational technology for teaching survival skills to pilots by using training routines requires a clear understanding of the action sequences.

Methodologies involving an integrated use of training resources for improving the fitness and performance levels of pilots usually rest on some educational technologies. …

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