Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Self-Management as a Condition for Creating a Health Culture among Students

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Self-Management as a Condition for Creating a Health Culture among Students

Article excerpt


Health preservation and its formation at all stages of human development is a strategic task of any state. Life and health are defined as the highest human values; are indicators of civilization and reflect the overall socio-economic development of society [1]. Priority forming a responsible attitude to the student's health caused it is one of the key factors that determined by defining the role of the health of this population in creating a healthy future [5].

Although the domestic and foreign scientists researched the problem of forming a health culture among students from different points of view, today we continue to observe the negative trend of deterioration in health of young people. Moreover, it is evident that fact that the health care system is not useful for solving the problem of it optimal improvement. In this regard progressive educational community today set itself a new challenge - to form student's need in self-realization of obtained health preserving knowledge and skills during their whole life [11; 12].

Designing and modeling of process of health preserving study of students - a relatively new trend in pedagogical science, which requires the development of special pedagogical teaching methods and technologies [4; 7]. The versatility of the currently existing technologies and methods of health preserving and the absence of student's need for to use them - cause necessity of teaching students on the basis of the formation of their self-management skills. Self-management in this case - is a self-organizing of lifestyle, the ability to manage yourself for the continuation of years of healthy life in the widest sense of this word (self-organization of leisure time, physical activity, nutrition etc.).

Material and methods

The question of a general theory of human action discussed in scientific papers of Pavlov I., Sechenov I., Kostyuk G.; solution of problems of modernization of modern education devoted to researches of Zyazyun I., Padalka O., Piechota O., Nisimchuk A.; means of improving educational activities and psychological and pedagogical influences disclosed in publications of Molyako V., Davydov V., Mazoh D., Bezpalko V.; health preserving questions based on the theory and methodology of physical education dedicated in works of Dubogay O., Timoshenko O., Vilchkovskyi E., Davydenko D., Prystupa E., Nosko M., Krutsevych T., Medvedeva I., Shiyan B. etc. Based on the above, the problem of creating and implementing of new technologies of health preserving in system of education of students is a subject of numerous researches. However, it must be noted that the using of self-management as a mechanism for streamlining the process of creating a health culture among students is still overlooked by scientists.

The aim of this work is to prove the necessity of forming self-management skills in the process of health preserving study of students. To achieve the aim we have solved the following tasks:

1. To make a comprehensive assessment of lifestyle of graduates of higher educational establishments;

2. To single out the conditions of self-organization healthy lifestyle of students through their self-determination, self-motivation and self-realization;

3. To reveal the content essence of technology of forming a health culture among students created on the basis of self-management.

To achieve the tasks the following research methods were applied: theoretical (theoretical analysis and synthesis of educational, scientific literature, legal documents on education and healthcare, Internet resources, teacher observation, content analysis), empirical (observation of vital functions and physical education of students; conversation, questionnaires, surveys), methods of mathematical statistics.

The researches were conducted during 2014-2015 years. Lviv Institute of Banking University server as an experimental basis. The participation in pedagogical experiment took 92 persons. …

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