Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Effect of Performing Regular Organized Recreational Activities on the Depression Level

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Effect of Performing Regular Organized Recreational Activities on the Depression Level

Article excerpt

Introduction

Physical activity is one of the main factors that cause illness and reduce life quality of the population in the developed countries, and with further increase of inactivity, these risks keep growing. The above mentioned problems, caused by reduced physical activity also strongly reflect on psychological state of a modern man, make trouble, more or less, in dependence on man's personality and social environment. We are exposed to numerous stimuli in our day-to-day activities that are responsible for increasing stress levels. Stress is an internal experience that creates psychological or physiological imbalances within an individual and results from the factors in the external environment, the organization or the individual. People in different settings differ in perceiving the stressful situations, and how they cope with stress producing situations (Verma, J.P. at al., 2011) Many research delineating psychological characteristics of exemplary sport participants may allow identification of the strengths and weaknesses of individual athletes, and ultimately, with strategic interventions, facilitate performance enhancement (Rajkumar Sharma & Ashish Kumar Nigam 2011).

Experiences from the countries which, because of growing health problems have changed the prevention measures based on development of habits for doing regular physical activities, as well as their intensifying in the wide population, refer to the conclusion that it is one of the most efficient and most acceptable ways of dissolving a lot of health problems and that most of desirable health changes can be achieved quite quickly. A large study conducted in England showed that 20% of women and 14% of men, suffered from mental problems at some point in their lives (Perrotta, F. 2010). In industrialised countries the most common diagnosis is depression, which affects approximately 50-10%o of the population

New researches in this field refer to the fact that mild forms of some psychological disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and psychological stress, can be improved during the regular recreational activities. In a study conducted over many decades, has seen a connection between the level of activity and the risk of falling into a depression (Perrotta, F. 2010). People who place intense levels of physical activity reduced their risk of depression by about 30%o, and those who had a medium-high level of activity reduced it by 20%> compared to those with low levels of activity.

The proper mechanism of physical activity's effects on the psychological health hasn't been completely clarified. Most of researches have been focused on attempts to find mechanisms of physical activity's effects on the level of neurotransmitters, the substances enabling transmission of information in the nervous system. The conclusion has been made that regular sports activities increase the level of serotonin and beta endorphin which explains positive effects on the mood. Psychologically, after exercising, the person is full of energy, mostly without negative feelings such as tension, fear, indisposition or anxiosity. There is also a common contribution in creating a positive image of themselves, especially if the people who exercise achieve their prime goals such as loss of weight and bodyshaping, especially if it had been previously experienced as a personal problem. Anyway, it could be deduced that positive changes in psychological state of the exercising person are achieved in multidimensional way. Physical exercise makes some physiological and biochemical changes in the body, as well as changes in the way of thinking and seeing themselves and their surrounding, which altogether contributes to improved psychological functioning.

Material & Method

Inter-relation of regular sports-recreational activities and psychological health

Significant psychological changes appear with people as a result of psysical exercising. Emotional stability is increased, aggression is decreased and motivation for adaptable changes is increased. …

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