Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Influence of Physical Activity on the Life Quality of Teachers

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Influence of Physical Activity on the Life Quality of Teachers

Article excerpt

Introduction

Nowadays the life quality is a big trend. It is examined from different angles, different perspectives and different scientific fields. The evaluation of life quality and interference into it shows an improvement on the physical and mental signs and symptoms of the individual and also form a common research agenda. Research and theory supporting the need to assess the quality of life we find in medicine, psychiatry, clinical psychology, behavioral medicine and gerontology (Frisch, 1998).

For a proper evaluation of the quality of life and the well-designed questions, it is important to take into account the effects of disposal, adaptation, goals and coping strategies. It is also important to understand the interaction of psychological factors, living conditions, understand the cause of the road leading to happiness, to understand the process of elementary adaptation to events, and develop theories that explain why certain variables differently affect various components of the subjective perception of quality of life (Diener et al., 1999).

Physical activity presents many advantages in the cycle of life. However, the level of physical activity is lacking in many populations. Effective interventions to support or maintain the activity levels of young people are therefore crucial for public health (Van Sluijs & Kriemler, 2016).

One of the research of Gonzala Silvetreho & Ubilosa Landu (2016) considers physical activity as an important factor in assessing self-perception / self-awareness and life satisfaction. While physical self-perception and perceiving were proved to be the strongest factor in the effect of physical activity on the perception and evaluation of the quality of life by young women (18-45 years).By the physical activity Vancampfort et al. (2016) improved the quality of life even by people with bipolar disorder. It has been demonstrated that an active lifestyle reduces the risk and also the disease of the cardiovascular nature, and on the basis of the 10-questions the questionnaire and at the same time increased the quality of life by these people.

By the aerobic interval training Isaksen et al. (2016) affected the quality of life for people with coronary artery disease. There was showed a significant effect of physical activity on physical well-being of these people. Psychological well-being was not significantly changed compared to the baseline condition.

Multiple regression analysis showed that physical activity is an important indicator of the quality of life in young patients with cancer (Lam et al, 2016). The results provide further evidence that cancer and its treatment has a negative impact on physical and mental well-being and quality of life among patients. Health care workers should promote regular physical activity among these patients, and even during the actual treatment.

Low level of physical activity and quality of life was recorded even by wheelchair patients. Just focusing and promotion of the physical activity and employment improved the perception of the quality of life for this group of people in the age of middle adulthood (Ganesh & Mishra, 2016). Scogin et al. (2016) figured out, that the involvement of people in pleasant events as well as inducing state of hopelessness affects quality of life positively. The research was done on an earlier adulthood in rural settlements. This rural population had reduced quality of life and also negative psychological symptoms

Weeks at all. (2004) and Lee & Lassey (1980) compared the life of the older population in rural settlements and in suburban and urban areas. The rural population had, although a better physical well-being, or physical health, but worse for it to be with mental well-being. Quality of life from the perspective of mental health has the population living in cities or in suburban parts, where they have more options for social and cultural life.

Research that observed the quality of life by teachers in primary and nursery schools, adulthood studying in this department as well as pupils in primary and secondary schools are mostly from the Slovak authors (Brod'áni et al. …

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