Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Specificity of Teacher's Activity in Intellectually Gifted Students' Education

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Specificity of Teacher's Activity in Intellectually Gifted Students' Education

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Orientation of modern society on developing scientific potential makes the problem of developing intelligently gifted students relevant. In this connection many countries pay attention to creating systems of identification, support and development of intellectually gifted students and talented youth.

Currently there is extensive material in science that allows to characterize intellectual endowments as a capability, which provides successful achievement of a certain level (I.A. Bevz [1]); as high intelligence (M. A. Birzheva [2]); as efficiency index of intellectual activity (N. A. Babiyeva [3]); as a set of knowledge and abilities of intellectual activity (V. M. Rafikova [4]); as personal dynamic integral education (T.A. Klimontova [5]); as developing property of a personality (N. V. Kalacheva [6]).

We adhere to M.A. Holodnaya [7] point of view who gives the following definition. "Intellectual endowments is such a state of individual psychological resources (first of all intellectual resources), which provides possibility of creative intellectual activity, that is the activity connected with creation of subjective and objective new ideas, with usage of nonstandard approaches to the problem development, with sensitivity to the most perspectives, key lines to search solutions in various knowledge domain, openness to any innovations" [7].

Obviously, characteristic features, specificity of developing intellectually gifted students portray the very teacher and determine specificity of his activity. The "average" teacher will not be able to develop students' intellectual endowments. Such teacher will not cope with an objective; will not be able to organize educational process. He is not ready to manage with the process of endowments development.

METHODS AND MATERIALS

For developing students' endowments we suggest to use constructivist, person-oriented approaches in education.

Ideas of the constructivist approach in education are reflected in works by L.S. Vygotskiy [8], J. Piaget [9], J. Bruner [10], J. Dewey [11], G. Gardner [12]. Modern basic points of this approach in education are shown in the form of basic principles of constructivism by Ye.S. Polat [13], M.A. Choshanov [14]. This approach is chosen because students' thinking development can happen at the expense of combining already available knowledge with the acquired. When using traditional lessons in teaching, students can remember information mechanically, pass examinations well, but they will not be able to apply that knowledge further, in various life situations. When using the constructivist approach, students are supposed to understand the studied information as well as to have skills of further application of gained knowledge.

The person-oriented approach (K.A. Abulkhanova-Slavskaya [15], L.S. Vygotsky [8]) has allowed creating conditions for the development of intellectually gifted students taking into account their specific features, to understand specificity of teacher's activity in organizations where such students are trained.

DISCUSSION

On capacity-building courses for trainers "brainstorming" has been carried out. They were educated according to the Development of Children's Endowments program with participation of CTY trainer Shelagh A. Gallager [16]. He performed the survey "What qualities should a teacher have to work with gifted students?" According to the results of the survey the participants of the courses have come to a conclusion that such a teacher has to be creative, to know features and requirements of gifted students, to know methods of working with this category of students, to be motivated, patient, to be "gifted" himself (rather clever), creative, to know mood of students, to encourage those who want to use necessary methods.

At the same time we consider that teachers' activity plays an important role in the development of intellectual students' endowments. It is visually reflected in figure 1. …

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