Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Estimated Characteristics of Mental States' Representations

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Estimated Characteristics of Mental States' Representations

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Process of mental states ideas formation in the mental plane, and also result of this process in the form of an image and knowledge assets of the state subjective judgments are connected with mental representations. Studying mental representations of mental states has the special importance as the mental state - an individual subjective phenomenon of human mentality and allocation of universal regularities in their representation - can also reveal regularities in forming picture of the world and structure of ideas in it. Establishing structure of mental representations for various mental conditions of the person acts as a research objective: pleasures, tranquility, exhaustions, disorders, interest and inspiration. For research of estimated mental representations characteristics the method of semantic differential offered by Ch. Osgood (Osgood C., Suci G, Tannenbaum P, 1957, 342 p) is the most suitable. Osgood, on the basis of the data analysis, has allocated three-factorial model of semantic space which structure has been presented in the form of three axes of the coordinates generally called "assessment", "force", "activity".

Mental representation is understood by us as "... an actual intellectual image of some specific event, that is the subjective vision form of the events" (Andreyeva E.A., Belopolsky V I., Blinnikov I.V, etc., 1998, p. 245). The internal feelings and impressions caused by the events and situations endured by the subject, passing a checking stage with the content of the earlier experience, form the relevant mental structures connected with the staticized state. The arisen mental structures reflecting and displaying a mental state in the form of verbal representation image or symbol are fixed and placed in structures of memory, forming subjective mental experience. It is known that there are invariant and specific components of mental states mental representations.

In psychology the emphasis in researches is placed on the procedural, dynamic part of mental representation, on its cognitive functions (Kemp S., 1998., p.275; Kosslyn S.M., 1980). In works of Barrett and Fossum (Barrett L.F., Fossum Th., 2001, p.333) it has been proved that nature of mental representation for emotions is connected with their different modality, intensity and signs. Comparing a perceptual image and an image of mental representation, J.-F. Richard (Richard J.-F., 1986) has established that the last keeps topological properties of the objects, it isn't connected with a perceptual modality, we won't fall to pieces and, thanks to spatial properties, can organize information which isn't possessing spatial characteristics.

In our earlier works it is revealed that assessment for mental states reflect the subjective estimated relations. They are various in different situations, that is they are dependent on situations. Besides, in our earlier works results of studying figurative level of mental states representations in various situations are presented. Besides, associative characteristics of mental representations for mental conditions of the person are shown (Alekseyeva E.M. and Chernov A.V, 2015, p.1959).

RESEARCH METHODS

For the purpose of studying estimated level of mental representations for conditions of pleasure, nervousness, tranquility, exhaustion, inspiration and interest the selection of 76 examinees of both sexes at the age of 19-20 years has been created, these are students of the Kazan Federal University trained in different specialties. Research was conducted during lectures. Examinees were offered to describe the offered mental states by means of the words adjectives submitted in a technique of semantic differential (in V. F. Petrenko's modification) (Petrenko V F., 2005, p. 480). Assessment of states about 25 bipolar scales which poles are set by means of verbal antonyms, describing opposite qualities of objects were carried out.

Data processing was carried out by means of the correlation analysis (R-Pearson's coefficient), average values on all scales were calculated, the cluster analysis (a method of average communication) was used. …

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