Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Levels of Operating Police Officers' Stress-Tolerance Development

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Levels of Operating Police Officers' Stress-Tolerance Development

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

In the modern world the professional activities of many people take place in extreme conditions. The effectiveness of such activities is determined not only by professional knowledge, abilities and skills but also by professionally important properties, including stress-tolerance which is a component of adaptability of the individual.

In psychology and psychophysiology stress-tolerance is investigated as a personality trait contributing to high productivity of activities in extreme conditions. Most often, its study is based on the identification and differentiation conditions (internal and external), determining the different levels of physiological, psycho-physiological and psychological factors in the actual impact of a variety of laboratory and real extreme (stress) conditions, which set a high or low degree of stress-tolerance manifestation.

As a result, the physiological, intellectual, emotional, volitional, and other human characteristics that contribute to stress-tolerance are identified. To a large extent the role of physiological and psychological preconditions in the development of resistance to stress has been studied and is widely represented in the scientific literature. A number of studies demonstrate the possibility of formation of stress-tolerance by means of the practical application of methods and techniques of psychic self-regulation. At the same time little or no attention is paid to the possibility of the stress-tolerance development in the professional extreme activity itself taking into account the implementation of special psychological correction of its required elements.

The purpose of the study is to determine experimentally psychological differences of levels of operating police officers' stress-tolerance development in order to improve their stress-tolerance.

METHODS

The empirical base of research was made on the bases of operational data diagnostics of police officers of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny of Tatarstan in the amount of 172 people. All participants are males, aged between 20 and 30 years with different professional experience, but none of the participants has professional experience of more than 10 years. The participants were differentiated into two groups according to length of professional activity. Employees with less than one year experience (20-25 years) were in the sample of novice police officers, employees with experience of two years or more were included in the sample of the police officers with experience (25-30 years old).

The sample of employees with experience included 97 people, 35 of which with experience of 2-4 years, 41 with the experience of 5-7 years, 21 with the experience of 8-10 years. The sample of novice employees included 75 individuals, all the participants with experience at least one year.

The set of psycho diagnostic means consists of the following methods:

1. The questionnaire, developed by L.M. Abolin (Abolin L.M., 1987, p.262), which the participants filled themselves. Interpretation of the responses to this questionnaire is qualitative in nature that is carried out by expert assessments. The experts were qualified, reliable, well knowing the specifics of participants' professional activities and who knew thoroughly "unified assessment scale" of activities of operating police officers.

2. To investigate common personality characteristics the method of multivariate study of personality of R.Kettel (16 PF - questionnaire) was used. We used a standard version of the questionnaire - Form A, containing 187 questions.

3. Then, a questionnaire by V. E. Milman "Mental reliability" was used (Mil'man V.E., 1983, p. 24). The questionnaire shows the correlation of the characteristics of sensitivity to stress factors and specific personality traits, which largely determines mental reliability of the man. The method of V. E. Milman also reveals sensitivity to stress factors of different nature: stressors of internal or external validity, internal or external uncertainties. …

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