Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Migration Crisis in European Politics: The Ethnic Discourse

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Migration Crisis in European Politics: The Ethnic Discourse

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Within last quarter of twentieth century occurred serious changes in scientific views of migration processes. Phenomenon of migration became considered as integral part of modern political process and one of the most important factors of geopolitical changes in majority of countries of the world. Migrations gained regional, inter-continental, inter-state nature. According to words of A.V. Dmitriev, labor migrations and movement of political and ecological refugees gained not only unprecedented scale, but also a new quality connected to change in migrants motivation, first of all with loss of individual motivations and prevailing of group ones - ethnic-political and ethnic-social (Dmitriev A.V., 2006, p. 432). Migration became viewed as something larger - a supposition of multiply other social processes. By apt observation of A.S. Ahiezer, "...migration can be considered as a sensitive index of visible and hidden social processes, as monitoring of real and potential phenomena, as sensitive basis for forecasting of society dynamic, as result of something immeasurable larger than just a search for material resource" (Ahiezer A.S., 2007, p. 141). Migration processes were analyzed in context of legality and illegality. At this within last decades illegal migrations were still considered as result of disbalance of political and economic development of temporary nature.

Complex social transformations of European society in second decade of XXI century started a new paradigm of migration - global management of migration processes and regulation of migration fluxes, and actualized ethnic-conflictological discourse - analysis of migration policy, claiming organizational and institutional resources of society that provide studying of migration conflicts and abilities of their control.

In last time more and more often is used a concept of "non-regulated migration", migration is perceived as non-controllable and non-system process. Concept of non-regulated migration isa substantially wider concept, and in plan of subjectness (as under concept of non-regulated migrants also fall persons with unregulated legal status, and refugees who formally have a legal status, and illegal migrants), and also in plan of estimation of perspectives of its institutional formalization. On migration problems are forming rather complicated and controversial social relations that receive information-political reflection and analytic absorption and demonstrate the acutest conflict debatability (Irregular migration, 2016).

Migration, in essence, became the most important global trend and respective political challenge in result of amplification of tendencies of globalization that lead to strengthening of mutual dependency, including its social, economic, demographic, communicative constituents. Irregularity of social development, increasing rupture in levels of life well-being between macro-regional system of modern world, destabilization of internal politic state in many countries of former colonial world, inter-ethnic and religious conflicts and wars - all these and many others lead to increase of migration flux into developed countries. This, in obvious way, amplifies pressure on social systems of receiving society, leads to growth of tension, to inevitable politicization of migration situation and is accompanied by aggravation of idea-psychological confrontation, to re-estimation of principles of multi-culturalism and tolerance, to known excesses of extremism.

Actuality and, therefore, necessity of ethnic-conflictological discourse is stipulated, first of all, by social realias of life-sustaining activity of modern international community. Europe is flooded by the largest wave of migration in all post-war history. By estimation of UN, a total number of citizens of third world countries who apply for asylum in countries of EC in 2015 - 2016 will exceed 1.2 million persons. This is a population of Near East region. The majority are citizens of Syria. …

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