Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Motivational Components of Sports Activity of Powerlifters

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Motivational Components of Sports Activity of Powerlifters

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Sport as a multifaceted social phenomenon is a sphere of a person's training for work and other activities, and satisfaction of the spiritual needs of society. Any kind of sport both develop physical qualities of a person and forms personality traits such as responsibility and patience, and fills life with a stimulus and a feeling of great interest. The peculiarity of sporting activity is that a person can choose his/her own way, and a real athlete will always be an example in the society (Pearl B., 2001).

Power qualities can be developed by the known kinds of sport such as weightlifting, kettlebell lifting, and arm wrestling. Strength disciplines may include a new kind of sport as powerlifting, being rapidly developing in the global arena. The term "powerlifting" is derived from the English word "power" and "lift". Powerlifting is a strength sport, which is to overcome the resistance of the weight most heavy for an athlete (Wikipedia. Free Encyclopedia).

Due to the increased popularity of powerlifting among young people and adults, more and more people take up this strength sport. Its popularity can be explained by its simplicity and accessibility, rapid growth of results and positive impact on the athlete's health (Sheiko B.I., Gorulev P.S., Rumyantseva E.R., Tsedov R.A., 2013, p.560: fig.).

In Russia, this discipline is also called "power triathlon", because powerlifting includes three strength exercises: back squats , namely with a barbell on top of the blades; barbell bench press on the horizontal bench; and dead lift. The sum of these exercises determines the qualification of powerlifters. A distinctive feature of the powerlifting is that this discipline places importance on the indicators of absolute strength.

Doing powerlifting strengthens ligaments and joints, helps to increase muscle strength and develop endurance, flexibility and other useful qualities, raises will, self-confidence, as well as increases the performance of the entire human body (Gliadia S.A., Starov M.A., Batygin Iu.V., 2000, p.34).

During adaptation to physical stress during training and competitive activity the athlete's body adapts both to the load lifted, and to the changing functions, biochemical processes and the resulting reactions of body fluids. We should also add thereto the change of psycho-emotional background, which is the basis for the competitive activity. For example, in such sports as weightlifting, powerlifting, etc., psycho-emotional state during competitions not only changes from one attempt to another, but in many cases is a major factor in achieving good performance (Rumiantseva E.R., Gorulev P.S., 2005, p.260, fig ).

The undoubted factor in sporting success is the correct motivational orientation of the athlete. "The motive of sports activities of a powerlifter develops in the process of its formation on the basis of cognitive, spiritual and material needs (Novokreshchenov V.A., 2005)."

Many sports psychologists believe that the motivational sphere of an athlete is the rod, the core of his/her personality, a set of internal driving forces for action (Rodionov A.V., 2010, p. 204).

Currently, issues of motivation for sports activities of the qualified athletes continue to attract the attention of scientists. Especially new kinds of sports, which is a powerlifting, require this elaboration. Studying the motivational components of powerlifting will ensure the effectiveness of the training process, and thus improve the competitive results. All this will contribute to the improvement of powerlifting sport efficiency that determines the relevance of this paper.

Objective of research is to study the components of the motivational bases of sports activity of the qualified powerlifters.

Thus, we have set the following tasks:

1. To classify the motives of sports activity of powerlifters.

2. To analyze the personal traits of an athlete (physical and psychological), formed in the course of powerlifting. …

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