Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Forming Student Design Culture as the Art and Pedagogical Training Goal

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Forming Student Design Culture as the Art and Pedagogical Training Goal

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The state and society determines shape of future teacher professional training through the higher education federal state educational standard (FSES) of the third generation, setting the new purposes and tasks to educational process. On the basis of FSES competence-based approach which as the purposes and results of developing the main educational program by students names set of common cultural, professional and all-professional competences lies. These competences form basis of personality characteristic - professional student culture (Vasilyeva D.V., Petrunev R. M., 2010, p. 105). High level of professional culture - is the integral condition of modern society for bachelors of professional training (Mirzagitova A.L., 2016, p. 12). It is based on the regulations and values created in the course of the art culture historical development.

The student who is trained on the "arts and crafts and design" profile of the training direction "Professional training" prepares for types of professional activity, traditional for the bachelor of professional training. It is possible to carry educational and professional to those: research; educational and design; system and administrative; organizational and technological; organizational and managerial; production and technological; service activities, as well as training in a working profession (Main educational program of higher education, 2011). Along with these types of activity students - future bachelors - prepare for specific types of activity: production, technological and design which within our research - forming project student culture - have the special importance. Each of these activity types opens a big complex of tasks - constituent elements of the personality project culture. So, production and technological activities are based on the following tasks: developments of design estimates; analysis and assessment of constructive and technological decisions alternative versions in production; uses of modern integrated environments for designing product life cycle. Whereas design activities are based on the tasks solution for implementing design activities and for complex, art and pro rata and large-scale solutions for designing products; on product development taking into account design-technology, esthetic, operational and managerial and economic parameters; on the choice of an optimum form and configuration of details and assembly units of projectible products; on determination of various product indicators taking into account the issued criteria, criterion functions, restrictions, structure and interrelations.

The designated types of activity for bachelors of professional training staticize a problem of "arming" the students who are trained on the DPI and Design profile with the whole arsenal of project regulations and rules, technologies and methods of designing, as well as ability of conscious use of the received knowledge complex in real and future project activities, considering priorities and sociocultural requirements of modern society. That is, need of forming new project-oriented culture has ripened.

PROBLEM SOLUTION

For the solution of this problem we will address, first of all, the"designing" concept which is connected with a number of related definitions as "project", "project activities", "project situation", "project thinking", "project culture", etc. which, on one hand, are relevant project activities however at the same time these concepts reveal project activities from the different points of view.

"Project", "creativity", "designing", "project activities" - are the concepts having a set of values in various branches of science as it is noted in researches I.S. Islambekova which are devoted to technological approach to forming project culture of the teacher on professional training. In them it is noted that designing is a specific form of consciousness which is based on productive imagination capability. It cannot be carried only to logical or emotional forms of consciousness, as well as subjective or objective forms. …

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