Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Usage of Phraseological Units When Forming Lexical Competence on the Example of the Training Package Opportunities Intermediate

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Usage of Phraseological Units When Forming Lexical Competence on the Example of the Training Package Opportunities Intermediate

Article excerpt


The article tells about importance of the use of phraseological units when training in speaking learning English, is also analyzed the training package Opportunities Intermediate.


In the history of a technique the role of training in this type of speech activity at various times and in the different countries was rather flexible.

Today the oral speech it is difficult for communication in which speaking plays a paramount role to overestimate value of training. Not incidentally, wishing to learn whether the person knows a foreign language, he is asked: "Do you speak English?" The oral speech in general and speaking as her integral part there are to the forefront. Pupils of different age, starting learning of foreign language, first of all, want to learn to speak this language.

Speaking is one of ways of oral and speech communication. In the course of oral communication in the closest unity all functions of speech communication act:

1) Information and communicative which can be described as a transfer reception of information;

2) Regulatory and communicative, belonging to regulation of behavior in the broadest sense;

3) The affective and communicative, determining emotional spheres of the person.


Speaking is inseparable from conditions in which it proceeds, namely: from a situation in the broadest sense of the word and from a concrete context. It is possible to carry the purpose and conditions of communication, concrete contents of the speech act, a characteristic originality of participants of conversation, that is their age, a level of development to the last and so on. Everything listed forms a communication situation as set of conditions, speech and nonverbal, necessary and sufficient to carry out speech action according to the drawn-up plan.

As a subject of speaking the thought as reflection in consciousness of the person of communications and the relations of the real world acts. In the course of speaking expression of thought is carried out. His product the oral statement is a result of speaking.

The multidimensional study of complex and multivariate language material provides all the new information about the specifics of phraseological units. Children acquire them (recognition, understanding and conscious use of phraseological units in speech) later than the other language units. One of the conditions of active use of phraseological units in speech is familiarity with their meanings and greater language sensitivity that contributes to a student's personality, able and willing to communicate on intercultural level. It is recommended to reveal figurative meaning of phraseological units by a gradual transition from the direct meaning of the words to the metaphorical, and then to the meaning of the word in one of its realizations in set phrases.

High level of lexical competence acquirement is evident if a person can easily use complex vocabulary both in direct and mediated communication, employing set phrases and proverbs, typical for native speakers.

The authors of Opportunities Intermediate Course are Michael Harris, David Mower, Anna Sikorzynska, Longman. This course is designed for secondary level students (grades 8-9) of linguistic profile. The content of the materials meets the requirements of state standard in foreign languages, as well as the traditions of responsible teaching in Russian schools. The course is aimed at preparing students for passing unified state exam and FCE.

The package provides Student's Book, Teacher's Book, Language Powerbook, 2 audio tapes and Test Book with an audio tape.

Intermediate level as well as all other levels has a module structure (8 modules).

The module consists of an introductory lesson (Warm-Up), the three main lessons devoted to work on communicative skills (Communication Workshop) and the review lesson after each module.

The course is characterized by the following features:

* Communicative approach;

* Integration of all language skills;

* Various forms of interaction and cooperation - pair and group work;

* Vocabulary enrichment and activation takes place in new situations;

* Consolidation of the grammatical material through speech and writing;

* Teaching effective instructional strategies (Listening Strategies, Speaking Strategies, Reading Strategies);

* The skills of self-control, self-testing and self-education are formed by means of using of the workbook material (Check your Grammar, Exam Zone);

* Studied topics correspond to teenagers' interests. …

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