Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Health Complaints and Well-Being Complaints among Secondary School Children

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Health Complaints and Well-Being Complaints among Secondary School Children

Article excerpt

Introduction

Young generation health status is the most expressive key indicator of the state and society prosperity, reflecting real state of affairs in the country and giving forecasts for the future. Manpower of the country, its security and political stability, economic welfare and moral and ethical level of the population are directly connected with the health status of children, adolescents and youth. A whole range of physical education modalities are conducive to the expansion of bodily functional reserves, to restoration of its self-regulatory and self-reproduction functions, thus compensating for the effects of not always "healthy" lifestyle of the contemporary schoolchildren. Physical exercise in this case is regarded as secondary prevention of "school" diseases. Primary preventive measures nevertheless are attributed to ailment recognition, identification and "third state of health" elimination. Use of appropriate means of recreation for the purpose of elimination of the complaints common in the school environment might facilitate the withdrawal of a big number of pupils out of pre-existing disease status. Study of typical manifestations and signs of ill health that might cause diseases in school age children is of great social importance.

Current publications analysis showed that a considerable amount of children and young people are in the so called "third state of health", i.e. "between health and disease". They manifest various functional disorders that have not yet been identified as diseases "of full value" but still indicate the strain of body adaptation resources (disadaptative disorders) and increased risk of clinically significant pathology. Though a disease still could not be diagnosed, the child could not be considered completely healthy.

Special scientific studies devoted to investigation of ill health complaints in children with minor health abnormalities are not found in recent publication. Studies have been conducted mostly on children of certain age groups [1], which complicates the research into the dynamics of changes over school years. Some scientific studies [2] set out results of examination of apparently sick children that limits significantly the range of conclusions. Any data pertaining to the complaints specificity of pupils distributed into different demographic and medical groups are practically missing. Lack of information about malaise complaints conducive to serious diseases complicates the selection of appropriate means of schoolchildren recreation and rehabilitation.

The aim of our study was to investigate health and physical wellbeing complaints common to secondary school age children.

Material & methods

Methods of analysis and synthesis of publications on the topic and empiric data as well as questionnaire survey have been used. Interrogation covered 1017 secondary school age pupils of urban and rural secondary schools from four regions of Ukraine. The questionnaire survey included 510 schoolgirls and 507 schoolboys. Among those interviewed were 365 5-grade pupils, 342 7-grade children and 310 pupils from grade 9. Parents of the pupils under examination were also interviewed. Among those interviewed 13.58% were males and 86.42% were females. Methods of mathematical statistics were used for data processing. Proportions method was used to identify the reliability differences among indicators.

Results of the study and their discussion.

The data analysis showed that the majority of secondary school age pupils complain about health disorders or the way they feel and only about one third of the interviewed children of secondary school age (26,48%) do not make any complaints pertaining to their health status. One of the major reasons for health problems occurrence is pupils' negligent attitude to their health. In order to resist the development of the diseases caused by long term of schooling it is necessary to provide schoolchildren with rational nutrition (consumption of food rich in B1, B6, B12, C vitamins and Ca), to help them to develop a proper day regimen giving the pupils the opportunity to exercise and adequate rest (walking, swimming, transition douche). …

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