Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Impact of Article Page Count and Number of Authors on Citations in Disability Related Fields: A Systematic Review Article

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Impact of Article Page Count and Number of Authors on Citations in Disability Related Fields: A Systematic Review Article

Article excerpt


Article citation represents not only a measure of the recognition an article receives and its impact in the scientific fields but also projects the future direction and trends of research. Consequently, numerous studies are under way to establish a common factor among the highly cited articles for several reasons. Accumulation of citations qualitative and quantitative influence is essential in order to advance a career (1). Universities and academic institutions also sought prestige and quality ranking through citation counts (2). Moreover, journals use citation count to progress their index of quality (3). Thus, the relevance of citation in the advancement of scientific know- ledge has been adequately established in the literature (4-6). Strategies to improve citation counts vary across disciplines (3, 7-9). Common variables that attract citation across disciplines include journal impact factor (10-12) and open access as against restricted access (13, 14). Addi- tionally, article publication age, co-authorship network (15) and the number of references are likely to attract citation, because the more authors are cited in an article the more they are likely to "return the favor" in the future, thereby increase the citation count (16). Consequently, there is evidence to suggest that author's academic age, affiliation and past records may influence the popularity of an article through the accumulation of citation.

The impact of article length on citation count appeared differently across disciplines (7). For example, in astronomy and astrophysics fields it has been found that the longer an article the more citation it will likely receive (3, 17). Whereas, in the field of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases, however, brief reports are more appealing to researchers than full-length articles (18). Furthermore, research grant, professional inputs, and the established reputation in the scholarly world of research are variables gained from collaborative work and have an influence on citation counts (19). Consequently, the shift in emphasis towards collaborative work has continued and even accelerated for good (20). An increase in the number international collaboration suggests a collective influence and therefore more citation (21).

Despite the multitude acknowledgment on the advantage of increasing citations count, there have generally been very few bibliometric studies conducted in the disability related field of research. Previous disability studies conducted focuses on the following areas: a) medical rehabilitation (22, 23), b) prosthetics (24), and c) physical therapy (23, 25, 26). Interestingly missing in the bibliometric studies are data gained from keywords focusing on disability outside the impairments of disabled people.

Those previous bibliometric studies acknowledged the need to improve citation counts in the field but do not go further to justify how or why.

Our study proposed providing an insight into the factors associated with a citation increase in the top journals in the disability related field, with a focus on the article page count and the number of authors contributing to the fields per article.

Understanding the Models of Disability

In history of most societies, persons with disabili- ties (PWD) experienced a degree of mobility restriction on the ground of their body limitation (27). Two main models characterized the view about disability in the recent years, the medical and the social model of disabilities. The medical model locates the source of the inability within the body of PWD (28). Thus, terminologies like "epileptic" and "arthritic" are ascribed to a person's attributes in the medical model of disability. The more acceptable social model redefined the primary sources of disablement as environmental factors rather than personal impairment. Hence, the inability of the society to make an adjustment in the environment gives birth to the barriers. …

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